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Thomas Stone AP-59 - História

Thomas Stone AP-59 - História


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Thomas Stone
(AP-59: dp. 14.868; 1. 492 '; b. 69'6 ", dr. 24'8", s. 16,5 k .; cpl. 379; a. 1 6 ", 4 3"; cl. Presidente Jackson)

Thomas Stone (AP-59) foi estabelecido sob um contrato da Comissão Marítima (casco MC 58) como Presidente Van Buren em 12 de agosto de 1941 em Newport News, Va. Pela Newport News Shipbuilding and Drydock Co. lançado em 1 de maio de 1941; patrocinado pela Sra. Alben W. Barkley, e entregue ao presidente americano Lines em 11 de setembro de 1941. O navio de passageiros foi adquirido pela Marinha em 14 de janeiro de 1942; convertido para uso como transporte de tropas; e comissionado em 18 de maio de 1942, o capitão O. R. Bennehoff no comando.

Thomas Stone carregou tropas em Norfolk e, em 26 de setembro, partiu para a Irlanda com o Convoy AT 23. Depois de fazer escala em Halifax no caminho, ela chegou a Belfast em 6 de outubro. Ela desembarcou suas tropas e então combateu homens carregados e equipamentos da 9ª Divisão do Exército dos Estados Unidos para exercícios anfíbios na costa da Escócia antes de embarcar para o Rio Clyde no dia 26 para participar da Operação "Tocha", a invasão Aliada do Norte da África .

O transporte foi designado com a tarefa de transportar tropas para o ataque controlado pelos britânicos a Argel. Ela transitou pelo Estreito de Gibraltar na noite de 5 e 6 de novembro. Na manhã do dia 7, ela estava navegando no flanco esquerdo do comboio, o segundo na linha a ré de Samuel Chase (AP-56). Às 05h35, um torpedo atingiu a bombordo do navio, à popa, abrindo um buraco em seu fundo; quebrando seu eixo de hélice; e dobrando sua hélice e seu leme para estibordo. O comboio continuou, deixando Thomas Stone para trás, à deriva cerca de 150 milhas de Argel, guardado apenas pela corveta britânica HMS Speg. Após o vôo, uma inspeção dos danos revelou que o navio não corria perigo imediato de naufrágio, mas não conseguia se mover por conta própria.

Mas o Capitão Bennehoff e o Major Walter M. Oakes, EUA - que comandou a equipe de desembarque do batalhão embarcado em Thomas Stone - não se contentaram em deixar as tropas do transporte vagarem sem rumo no Mediterrâneo enquanto outros tomavam Argel. Além disso, todos a bordo do navio danificado corriam perigo mortal de uma possível renovação do ataque do submarino. Para resolver os dois problemas, os dois oficiais carregaram a maior parte das tropas do transporte em 24 barcos que partiram para a baía de Argel sob a proteção de Spey. No entanto, o tempo que estava bom quando os barcos deixaram o transporte piorou, e a embarcação frágil começou a entrar água. Problemas no motor obrigaram os barcos a serem abandonados um a um e suas tripulações e passageiros foram transferidos para a corveta. Quando Spey finalmente chegou a Argel antes do amanhecer do dia 8, ela carregou todas as tripulações dos barcos e cada um de seus passageiros, pois todos os barcos haviam sido afundados. Quando as tropas de Spey desembarcaram naquela manhã, souberam que toda a resistência francesa havia terminado.

Enquanto isso, dois contratorpedeiros, HMS Wishart e HMS Velex, chegaram na noite do dia 7 e tentaram rebocar Thomas Stone. Na manhã seguinte, HMS St. Dag, um rebocador, chegou para ajudar. Apesar do mau tempo e dos restos retorcidos do leme do transporte que o tornaram quase impossível de controlar, o grupo de navios finalmente chegou a Argel no dia 11 e atracou no Quai de Falaise, onde descarregou as tropas e equipamento restantes.

Em 19 de novembro, Thomas Stone foi transferido para o porto externo para dar lugar a dois grandes comboios. Um ataque aéreo na noite de 24 e 25 de novembro causou danos adicionais ao navio quando uma bomba perfurou dois conveses, o casco, e explodiu abaixo dela. No dia 26, um vento forte e fortes ondas fizeram com que o navio arrastasse as duas âncoras e o encalhou com força, danificando ainda mais seu casco. Enquanto ainda estava encalhado, o transporte foi reclassificado como APA-29 em 1 de fevereiro de 1943. As operações de salvamento continuaram por mais de um ano e todos os equipamentos e estoques foram removidos. Os esforços para reflutuar o navio continuaram até a primavera de 1944, mas o navio foi finalmente colocado fora de serviço em 1 de abril de 1944, e seu nome foi retirado da lista da Marinha em 8 de abril de 1944. Seu casco foi vendido para Le Material Economique, Argel , para sucata.

Thomas Stone recebeu uma estrela de batalha pelo serviço prestado na Segunda Guerra Mundial.


Tomé o Apóstolo

Tomé o Apóstolo (Hebraico Bíblico: תוֹמָאס הקדוש Grego Antigo: Θωμᾶς Cóptico: ⲑⲱⲙⲁⲥ Siríaco Clássico: ܬܐܘܡܐ ܫܠܝܚܐ Tʾōmā šliḥā Malayalam: മാർ തോമാ ശ്ലീഹ mar thoma sliha), também chamado Didymus ("gêmeo") foi um dos Doze Apóstolos de Jesus de acordo com o Novo Testamento. Tomé é comumente conhecido como "Tomé duvidoso" porque ele duvidou da ressurreição de Jesus quando lhe disse pela primeira vez (conforme relatado apenas no Evangelho de João) mais tarde, ele confessou sua fé ("Meu Senhor e meu Deus") ao ver a crucificação de Jesus ferimentos.

  • 3 de julhoOrtodoxa de Malankara, Igreja da Síria de Malankara Mar Thoma, Igreja Católica de Siro Malabar, Católica da Síria, [3] Igreja Católica Latina, Igreja Católica Liberal, Comunhão Anglicana
  • 21 de dezembro - Igreja Ortodoxa Malankara, Igreja Síria Malankara Mar Thoma, Comunhão Anglicana, Igreja Hispânica
  • 26 pashons e domingo depois da páscoa Thomas domingoCristianismo copta [4]
  • 6 de outubro e domingo depois da páscoa Thomas domingo - Ortodoxa oriental

De acordo com relatos tradicionais dos cristãos de São Tomás da atual Kerala, na Índia, acredita-se que Thomas tenha viajado para fora do Império Romano para pregar o Evangelho, viajando até a costa do Malabar, que fica no atual estado de Kerala, na Índia. [1] [5] [6] [7] De acordo com sua tradição, Thomas alcançou Muziris (atual Paravur do Norte e Kodungalloor no estado de Kerala, Índia) em 52 DC. [8] [9] [1] Em 1258, algumas das relíquias foram levadas para Ortona, em Abruzzo, Itália, onde foram mantidas na Igreja de São Tomás do Apóstolo. [10] Ele é frequentemente considerado o santo padroeiro da Índia entre seus adeptos cristãos, [11] [12] e o nome Thomas permanece bastante popular entre os cristãos de Santo Tomás da Índia.


Braxton Bragg: Primeira Vida e Serviço Militar

Braxton Bragg nasceu em 22 de março de 1817, em uma família humilde em Warrenton, Carolina do Norte. Seu pai era um contator e sua mãe & # x2014 que Bragg raramente discutia em sua vida posterior & # x2014 havia passado um tempo na prisão por matar um escravo libertado. Enquanto sua família lutava durante sua juventude, o irmão político de Bragg & # x2019 o ajudou a garantir uma nomeação para a Academia Militar dos Estados Unidos em West Point em 1833. Ele se formou em 1837, terminando em quinto lugar em uma classe de 50 cadetes.

Você sabia? O triunfo do General Braxton Bragg & # x2019s na Batalha de Chickamauga em setembro de 1863 foi a vitória confederada mais significativa na Guerra Civil & # x2019s Western Theatre. Mas, embora a batalha tenha se mostrado um sucesso tático, ela teve um custo preocupante: o Exército do Tennessee de Bragg e # x2019 sofreu mais de 18.000 baixas e # x2014, 3.000 a mais do que seus oponentes da União.

Bragg foi comissionado na 3ª Artilharia dos Estados Unidos e serviu pela primeira vez na Flórida durante a Segunda Guerra Seminole (1835-42). Em seguida, ele foi transferido para Charleston, na Carolina do Sul, onde foi punido após criticar publicamente o estimado general dos Estados Unidos Winfield Scott. Bragg mais tarde serviu na Guerra Mexicano-Americana, na qual foi elogiado por bravura e promovido a tenente-coronel após a Batalha de Buena Vista em 1847. Bragg voltou do México como herói de guerra e passou a servir em uma variedade de deveres em tempos de paz. Em 1849 ele se casou com Eliza Brooks Ellis, uma rica mulher da Louisiana. Bragg mais tarde renunciou ao serviço militar em 1855 e se estabeleceu em uma plantação de açúcar em Thibodaux, Louisiana.


Uma breve história da tradição Stone-Campbell

A fronteira americana do início do século 19 estava repleta de fervor religioso. Enquanto o espírito humano estava sendo despertado nas cidades dos Estados Unidos, havia uma intensidade especial nos avivamentos da fronteira.

Incluídas nesses avivamentos estavam as igrejas que agora constituem a herança Stone-Campbell. O nome vem dos fundadores principais deste ramo do Cristianismo. Em Kentucky, Barton Warren Stone (1772-1844) foi um ministro presbiteriano que, junto com outros, pediu um retorno ao cristianismo simples do Novo Testamento. Na verdade, Stone acreditava que os seguidores de Cristo não deveriam ter outro nome senão "Cristão". Na Pensilvânia e no que hoje é a Virgínia Ocidental, pai e filho Thomas Campbell (1763-1854) e Alexander Campbell (1788-1866) defenderam a ideia de “uma Igreja de Cristo na terra”. Eles também acreditavam que os seguidores de Cristo não deveriam ser identificados por nomes sectários e pediram que apenas “Discípulos” fossem usados.

Quando os campos de Stone e Campbell finalmente se reuniram, tanto "Cristão" quanto "Discípulos de Cristo" foram mantidos como designadores.

As igrejas de Stone-Campbell se enquadram na categoria de igrejas protestantes livres. Ou seja, as congregações individuais são vistas como o pináculo da expressão da igreja, são organizações independentes / autônomas e defendem a separação entre igreja e estado.

As igrejas Stone-Campbell são caracterizadas por um foco no ensino do Novo Testamento, governança compartilhada entre clérigos e leigos, batismo por imersão, ecumenismo e a celebração regular da comunhão durante o culto.

Nunca houve uma estrutura monolítica para essas igrejas. Na América do Norte hoje, as igrejas Stone-Campbell são encontradas principalmente em três grupos (ou “riachos”): Igrejas de Cristo, Igrejas Cristãs / Igrejas de Cristo e a Igreja Cristã (Discípulos de Cristo). Este último esteve especialmente envolvido com o ecumenismo cristão desde o início do século XX.

As três correntes estão conectadas por meio de uma organização conhecida como Convenção Mundial. Globalmente, congregações descendentes desta tradição podem ser encontradas em mais de 100 países.

Discípulos da Sociedade Histórica de Cristo arquiva materiais relacionados a todas as igrejas na herança Stone-Campbell e oferece assistência de pesquisa para as partes interessadas. Disciples History também conta a história de Stone-Campbell por meio deste site e de outros recursos.


Sobre nós

* JOSIAS / JOSIAH STONE, b. abt. 1725, Inglaterra d. abt. 1790, Stafford Co., VA
* Mary Coleman (esposa), b. abt. 1720 m. 17 de junho de 1747, Stafford Co., VA d.1789, Stafford Co., VA.
Crianças:
* JOHN STONE
* SUSAN STONE
* SUSANNAH STONE, m. Nathanial William Ralls.
* JOSIAH STONE, Jr., b. 17 de junho de 1747, Stafford Co., VA d. 1821 m. Margaret CohnigCash, 8 de abril de 1782, Stafford Co., VA.
* PEDRA DE ELIZABETH, b. 14 de abril de 1749, Stafford Co., VA m. William Myrix Williams.
* SPILSBY STONE, b. 1752, VA d. 25 de outubro de 1818, Nelson Co., KY m. Elizabeth Bland, 10 de março de 1794 2º casamento com Mary Tackett Hedges.
* MARY C. STONE, b. 28 de abril de 1753, Stafford Co., VA m. George Wells.
* PEDRA DA FILADÉLFIA, b. 22 de setembro de 1755, Stafford Co., VA, d. 1º de janeiro de 1824, BathCo., KY m. Zephaniah Ratliff, 16 de março de 1790.
* JULIA STONE, b. 1760, Stafford Co., VA m. John Longley Richards.
* PEDRA DO VALENTIM, b. 14 de fevereiro de 1750/51, Stafford Co., VA d. 5 de setembro de 1822, VA M. Nancy Evans (1o) Keziah French Madden (2o).
* PEDRA DE DOLLEY COLEMAN, m. Ainsworth Harrison.

Grupo # 1-B
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 107172
Haplogrupo: I- M253 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

O mais antigo pai-pai
* PEDRA DO VALENTIM b. 14 de fevereiro de 1751, Condado de Stafford VA d.19 de setembro de 1822 BathCountyKY m. Nancy


Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 104205
Haplogrupo: I-M253 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

* RICHARD STONE de Clayhanger, Devon, b. prob. abt. 1579
Crianças:
* WILLIAM STONE batizado em 1604
* JOANE STONE batizada em 1604
* RICHARD STONE batizado em 1606
* EMANUEL STONE batizado em 1608
* ANNIS STONE batizada em 1612

Esta linha desce através de Emanuel até o Capitão (nome dado ou batismal) Pedra que foi batizada em Wiveliscombe, SOM (adjacente a Chipstable) em 28 de abril de 1784. Ele se casou com Ann Stone (um parente ??) de uma paróquia SOM próxima. Eles tiveram cinco filhos: Horatio, Asa, Jane, Sarah e Joseph. Sarah e Joseph nasceram em Hertfordshir depois que o Capitão e Ann se mudaram de Somerset. Capitão, Ann e família (Asa não foi identificado com certeza nos EUA) emigraram para Albion, Illinois em 1818.
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Sugestão de livro para o Grupo 1: para um livro bem escrito e documentado sobre Josias Stonea e seu irmão Spilsby, consulte AN AMERICANODYSSEY: ToVirginia, Kentucky, Indiana and Beyond (Bloomington, Indiana: AuthorHouse, 2006).

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R1b1a2 Hap & # 8217group-K

Grupo # 2-A
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kits # 21896.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)

* ISAAC STONE, b. abt. 1787, SC d. Novembro de 1863, Wilson Co. TN.
* Charlotte Desconhecida (esposa), b. abt. 1793, SC d. abt. Março de 1871, Wilson Co. TN.
Filhos de Isaac e Charlotte:
* PEDRA DE MICAJAH, b. 7 de maio de 1812, SC
* MARY STONE, b. abt. 1815, SC
* MARTHA STONE, b. abt. 1821, TN
* CHARLES STONE, b. Maio de 1822, SC
* CHARLOTTE B. STONE, b. abt. 1825, TN
* THOMAS STONE, b. 15 de março de 1828, TN
* PATRICK HENRY STONE, b. 19 de fevereiro de 1830, Nashville, TN.

Grupo # 2-B
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 22989.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)

* THOMAS STONE, b. aposta. 1740-1755 d. à popa 1820, Fairfield Co., SC.
* Winney Pickett (esposa), b. aposta. 1740-1755 d. à popa 1820, Fairfield Co., SC.
Filhos de Thomas e Winney:
* WILLIAM STONE, b. aposta. 1774-1775 2ª esposa, Lydia Desconhecida. Crianças conhecidas: MARTIN STONE CYNTHIA STONE HARRIET M. STONE, b. abt. 1813 ROLANDSTONE, b. 9 de julho de 1812, SC ARTILESIA STONE, b. abt. 1814, SC MANERVA STONETHOMAS BELLSTONE, b. abt. 1818, SC SARAH JANE STONE, b. abt. 1826, SC LYDIAMINERVASTONE, b. abt. 1822, SC WILLIAM P. STONE, b. abt. 1822 ASA B. STONE, b. abt.1829, SC SAMUEL B. STONE FRANCIS M. STONE, b. abt. 1834 EUGENIASTONE, b.abt. 1836, SC, JOHN P. STONE, b. à popa 1836.
* THOMAS STONE, Jr., b. aposta. 1774-1784.
* SAMUEL STONE, b. aposta. 1784-1790 d. 1841, Fairfield Co., SC m. Catherine Washington. Filha de Samuel e Catherine: JAMES VINCENT STONE, b. abt. 1812, SC m. HappyUnknown.
* CHARLES P. STONE, b. aposta. 1794-1800.

THOMAS STONE comprou um terreno em Fairfield Co., SC em 1773. Presumivelmente, todos os seus filhos conhecidos nasceram lá. Ele não deixou nenhum testamento. Por meio de uma correspondência de DNA, pudemos determinar que ISAAC STONE era irmão de WILLIAM STONE. William, o filho mais velho, herdou a fazenda da família, conectando-o a seu pai Thomas. Além disso, muitos de seus filhos tinham o nome do meio de Pickett, o nome de solteira de sua mãe. William mudou-se com sua família para Clay Co., AL no início da década de 1840. Isaac mudou sua família para Wilson Co., TN no início de 1820. JAMES VINCENT STONE mudou sua família para Clay Co. AL com seu tio William. Nada se sabe sobre THOMAS STONE, Jr. ou CHARLES P. STONE.

Grupo # 3 C
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 370755.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (confirmado)
Contato: [email protected]

THOMAS STONE b.1740-55 morreu à ré. 1920 Fairfield Co. C
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R1b1a2 Hap & # 8217grupo - 2D

Grupo # 3
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 22037.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

* GEORGE STONE, b. abt. 1866-1867, Inglaterra d. 1908
* Sarah Manville (esposa), b. Brooklyn, NY.
Crianças:
* ROY STONE, b. 2 de maio de 1893, New York City, NY m. Martha Broadley.
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R1b1a2 Hap & # 8217grupo - I

Grupo # 4-A
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 24097.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)

* WILLIAM STONE, b. aposta. 1700-1740 d. antes. 1783.
* Ruth Lyles (esposa), d. à popa 1783.
Crianças:
* PEDRA DE MOISÉS, b. aposta. 1745-1755.
* JACOB STONE, Sr. b. 1757 d. 1846 SC m. Eve Cooper.
* JOHN STONE, b. aposta. 1755-1774 m. Elizabeth Desconhecida.
* SARAH STONE m. Dennis Carrell.
* WILLIAM STONE, Jr. m. Elizabeth Desconhecida.

William Stone recebeu uma concessão de terras em 1763 para 300 acres em Chester Co., SC. Não deixou vontade. Os nomes de seus filhos são baseados em registros de escrituras. A tradição oral diz que essa família veio da Virgínia.

Grupo # 4B (anteriormente Grupo # 54)
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 27751.
Haplogrupo: R-P25 (confirmado)
Contato: [email protected]


* BENTLEY STONE, b. abt. 1787, SC d. Setembro de 1863, Calhoun Co., AL.
* Jerusha Franklin (esposa), b. abt. 1794, SC d. aposta. 1863-1873.
Crianças:
* NANCY STONE, b. abt. 1810, SC d. 3 de abril de 1885, SC m. Nicholas Colvin, Jr.
* SARAH STONE, b. abt. 1816, SC m. Martin Lay.
* PEDRA DE ELIZABETH, b. abt. 1816, SC m. Mayberry Trussel.
* PEDRA DE CHARLOTTE, b. abt. 1818, SC m. Gale Simpson.
* MARTHA STONE, b. abt. 1823, SC m. Paul Castleberry.
* MOSES FRANKLIN STONE, b. abt. 1823, SC d. abt. 1898, AL m. SarahTollison (1ª) m. Samantha F. Dison (2ª).
* CISLEY STONE, b. abt. 1827, SC m. James Thomas.

Bentley Stone viveu na área de Chester Co. e Fairfield Co. SC no início de 1800. Ele e sua família mudaram-se para Calhoun Co., AL por volta de 1850. Mais tarde, ramos desta família mudaram-se para TN e KY.
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J2 Hap & # 8217grupo- A

Grupo # 5-A
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 23493.
Haplogrupo: J-M172 (confirmado)
Contato: [email protected]

* WILLIAM STONE, b. 1842, Franklin Co., IN d. 1922, JeffersonCo., IL.
* Mary Dosher (esposa), b. abt. 1840 d. 1922 m. 13 de fevereiro de 1865.
Crianças:
* FRANK STONE, b. abt. 1862.
* ELLEN STONE, b. abt. 1863.
* WARREN H. STONE, b. 20 de novembro de 1865, Franklin Co., IN d. 1954, Marion Co., ILm. Matilda Page.

Grupo 5-B
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 125057
Haplogrupo: J-M172 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

Ancestral paterno mais antigo:
* OSMON STONE b. 1860, Grand Ridge IL

++ Match ++

Grupo 5-C
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 324067
Haplogrupo: J-M172 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

Ancestral paterno mais antigo:

* ELIASSTONE b. abt.1809 d. 1856 Texas
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I1 Hap & # 8217grupo- B

Grupo # 6-A
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kits # 24133.
Haplogrupo: I-Z63 (confirmado)
Contato: [email protected]

* JOSEPH STONE, Sr., d. 19 de julho de 1765, Farmington, CT.
* Abigail Jerome (esposa), m. 11 de janeiro de 1741/42, Meriden, CT.
Crianças:
* ELIZABETH STONE, bp. 12 de setembro de 1742, Meriden, CT.
* JOSEPH STONE, Jr., bp. 2 de setembro de 1744, Meriden, CT d. 1820, Burlington, CTm.Esther Jerome.
* PEDRA DE NATHANIEL, b. 15 de abril de 1746, Farmington, CT d. 1 de abril de 1807, Bristol, CT m. Temperance Jerome.

A viúva de NATHANIEL STONE e muitos de seus onze filhos migraram para o nordeste de Ohio.

Além disso, Joseph e Abigail são provavelmente os pais de JAMES STONE, b.abt.1750 d. 18 de janeiro de 1816, Bristol, CT m. Molly Roberts.

JOSEPH STONE, Sr. é provavelmente o mesmo Joseph que nasceu em 1º de janeiro de 1716/17 em Framingham, MA. A linhagem que remonta a este Joseph é Nathaniel, Nathaniel, ElderJohn e então o diácono Gregory Stone, que veio da Inglaterra para Watertown, MA, em 1635.

Grupo # 6-B
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kits ## 21160
Haplogrupo: I-M170 (previsto)
Contato: leeharrach @ juno .com


* ARTHUR EMERY STONE, b. abt. 1852, ME d. à popa 1885.
* Emma Jones (esposa), b. abt. 1857, MO.
Crianças:
* CLARA E. STONE, b. 1º de outubro de 1879, KS.
* LOUIS B. STONE, b. 1 de novembro de 1882, San Miguel Co., NM.
* OSCAR EMERY STONE, b. 8 de maio de 1886, Red Willow Co., NE.
* HARRY VALENTINE STONE, b. 14 de fevereiro de 1889, Ford Co., KS.
* BESSIE E. STONE, b. 2 de junho de 1893, Ford Co., KS.
* WILLIS STONE, b. 2 de junho de 1893, Ford Co., KS.
* ROY MAX STONE, b. 12 de junho de 1894, KS ou NE.
* RAY STONE, b. 12 de junho de 1894, KS ou NE.

Os pais de Arthur Stone nasceram em MIM.

Grupo # 6-C
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # N4297.
Haplogrupo: I-Z63 (confirmado)
Contato: [email protected]

* SOLOMON STONE, b. 1769, MA d. 29 de junho de 1851, Lake Co., OH.
* Amanda Desconhecida (esposa).
Crianças:
* SOLOMON B. STONE, b. 1822, NY m. Henrietta Burns (1ª esposa) ElminaTracey (2ª esposa).
* WALTER HURD STONE, b. 1824, NY m. Esther Ann Thomas.
* LAURA ANN STONE, b. 1830, NY m. Charles R. Orren.
* JAMES M. STONE, b. 1831, NY d. 14 de janeiro de 1898, Montcalm Co., MI. m. Angelina A.Call.

Grupo # 6-D
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 212704
Haplogrupo: I-M253 (confirmado)
Contato: [email protected]

Ancestral paterno mais antigo:
* David Stone 1540-1625

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R1b1a2 Hap & # 8217grupo-A

Grupo # 7-A
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 24588.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

* JOHN STONE, Sr., b. abt. 1734 d. antes. 1819, Surry Co. NC.
* Mary Corder (esposa), b. abt. 1742, VA.
Crianças:
* ENOCH STONE, b. abt. 1763, Surry Co., NC d. Agosto de 1823, Surry Co., NC m. NancyAnthony
* THOMAS STONE, b. abt. 1767, Surry Co., NC m. Sarah Corder.
* JOHN STONE, Jr., b. abt. 1771, Surry Co., NC.
* CORDER STONE, b. abt. 1772, Surry Co., NC d. aposta. 1843-1845, White Co., TN m.Mary Elizabeth Mason.
* TAZEWELL STONE, b. abt. 1774, Surry Co., NC.
* JAMES STONE, b. abt. 1778, Surry Co., NC m. Martha King.

Esta família Stone veio de Prince William Co., VA para Surry Co. NC na década de 1770. Por meio de evidências circunstanciais, esta linha de Stone pode ser conectada de volta ao governador William Stone, o governador colonial de Maryland em meados dos anos 1600.

Grupo # 7-B
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 28872.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

* ENOCH HERSCHEL STONE, b. 9 de janeiro de 1828, Jackson Co., TN d. 16 de novembro de 1909, WhiteCo., TN.
* Eliza Maxwell (1ª esposa), b. Novembro de 1829, Jackson Co., TN d. 2 de outubro de 1871, Crawford Co., MO Minerva J. Desconhecido (2ª esposa), b. abt. 1838, TN.
Filhos de Enoch e Eliza:
* CICERO CONSTANTINE STONE, b. 15 de junho de 1850, Putnam Co., TN.
* GRANVILLE D. STONE, b. abt. 1852.
* AUSTIN L. STONE, b. 29 de maio de 1853, TN.
* ISAAC NEWTON STONE, b. 25 de março de 1856, Putnam Co., TN m. Prudence Jane Draper.
* PEDRA ELIHU HERSCHEL, b. 25 de março de 1856, Putnam Co., TN.
* OLIVER MYERS STONE, b. 25 de maio de 1858, TN.
* CLEOPATRA STONE, b. 20 de outubro de 1868, Putnam Co., TN.
* PHARMA O. STONE, b. 16 de outubro de 1870.
Filhos de Enoch e Minerva:
* EUCLID A. STONE, b. abt. 1873, TN.
* MARY E. STONE, b. abt. 1876, TN.

A tradição oral tem esta linha Stone conectada ao Surry Co. NC Stones, mas não há documentação em papel para apoiar isso. O pai de Enoque nasceu em NC, e sua mãe nasceu em SC.

Grupo # 7-C
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 38571.
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* THOMAS STONE, b. abt. 1695-1701 d. Agosto de 1756.
Crianças:
* THOMAS STONE, Jr., b. abt. 1721, Prince William Co., VA d. 1788, FauquierCo., VA m. Mary Butler.
* WILLIAM STONE, b. abt. 1724, Prince William Co., VA d. 1787/88, RandolphCo., NC m. Hannah Conway
* JOHN STONE, b. abt. 1727, Prince William Co., VA d. 1799/1800, LaurensCo., SC.
* Mildredge (Milley) Coder (esposa de John Stone), b. abt. 1730 Prince Williamd.1821 / 22 Washington District, SC.
Filhos de John e Mildredge:
* JOHN STONE JR. b. abt 1750, d. abt. Condado de Laurens, 1799, SC.
* WILLIAM STONE, b. abt. 1753, Prince William Co., VA.
* PEDRA DE REUBEN, b. abt. 1755, Prince William Co., VA d. abt. 9 de fevereiro de 1849, NewMarket, AL.
* PEDRA DE RAUGHLEY (ROLLEY), b. abt. 1765, Fauquier Co., VA d. abt. 1821, LaurensCo., SC.
* PEDRA DE ELIAS (ELUM), b. abt. 1767, Fauquier Co., VA d. abt. 1824, LauderdaleCo., AL.
* LEWIS STONE, b. abt. 1769, Fauquier Co., VA d. abt. 1830, Inman, SC.
* NANSEY STONE, b. abt. 1771, Fauquier Co., VA.

John Stone possuía terras em Fauquier Co., VA até 1775. Ele se mudou para LaurensCo., SC em 1775.

Os dados acima são bem documentados e obtidos por meio dos registros da Paróquia de Elk Run e das escrituras da Fauquier Co., VA, bem como de outros documentos. Vários livros, & quotThe Stonesof Surry, & quot & quotStones of Poynton Manor & quot e & quotOf the Stones & quot, afirmam que este Thomas Stone of Fauquier Co. é filho do capitão Thomas Stoneof MD, neto do governador William Stone por meio de seu filho John Stone, o mais velho de MD.

Grupo # 7-D
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 38098.
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* JAMES J. STONE, b. 22 de novembro de 1817, TN d. 21 de agosto de 1888, Bollinger Co., MO.
* Catherine Petty (1ª esposa) m. 1842, IL Mary M. Davenport (2ª esposa) m.April26, 1849, IL.
Filhos de James e Catherine:
* THOMAS F. STONE, b. Junho de 1843, m. Jane Desconhecida.
Filhos de James e Maria:
* HENRY SPANE STONE, b. 1850, Jackson Co., IL m. Margaret Godwin.
* NANCY JANE STONE, b. 24 de fevereiro de 1851, Jackson Co., IL m. Ezekiel Barber.
* GEORGE WASHINGTON STONE, b. 17 de março de 1854, Jackson Co., IL m. Elizabeth A. Bowman.
* JAMES MADISON & quotNIP & quot STONE, b. 9 de março de 1856, Jackson Co., IL m. Campsadella (Dellie) Godwin.
* JOHN NAPOLEON STONE, b. 23 de março de 1858, Jackson Co., IL m. Sarah Ellen Page.
* MALISSA CATHERINE STONE, b. 9 de setembro de 1861, Jackson Co., IL m. Henry B. Killian (1º), James Henry Green (2º).
* MARTHA ELIZABETH STONE, b. 7 de julho de 1864, Jackson Co., IL m. Pinkney Yount.
* PEDRA DE JOSEPHINE SAMARIMAS, b. 1868, Bollinger Co., MO m. William DanielYount (1º), Thomas Franklin Peters (2º).
* JOSEPH JEFFERSON STONE, b. 5 de novembro de 1871, Bollinger Co., MO m. RohemaCarolineMoore.
* EMMA CAROLINE STONE, b. Agosto de 1876, Bollinger Co., MO m. Jacob & quotJake & quotShrum.

Acredita-se que os pais de James J. Stone foram John Stone e Tabitha Barrow. O censo de 1880 sobre James revela que seus pais nasceram em NC. No censo de 1850, Jackson Co., IL, James morava com Mary e seus dois filhos mais velhos, Tom e Henry. Acredita-se que William Stone e John J. Stone, que viviam ao lado de James nessa época e também eram de TN, poderiam ser irmãos, mas isso não foi provado.

Grupo # 7-E
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 43315.
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* WILLIAM STONE.
Filho de William Stone:
* PEDRA EZEKIAL, b. abt. 1776, d. abt. 1860 m. Edith Duncan.
Filho de Ezekial e Edith:
* JAMES EDWARD STONE, b. 1827, KY d. 1907.
* Marietta Blankenship (esposa), b. 1835, VA d. 1920.
Filhos de James e Marietta:
* CALISTA JANE STONE, b. 1857, Lewis Co., KY m. James Edward Roe.
* MARY BELL STONE, b. 1860, Lewis Co., KY m. Estras Wayne Lewis.
* EZEKIEL STONE, b. 1863, Lewis Co., KY.
* PEDRA DE SYLVESTER, b. 1865, Lewis Co., KY m. Myrtle Mary McGlone.
* WILLIAM RALPH STONE, b. 29 de dezembro de 1868, Lewis Co., KY.
* THOMAS PERRY STONE, b. 1871, Lewis Co., KY m. Myrtle Gean Osborne.
* PEDRA DE CYNTHIA.

De acordo com a tradição oral, quatro irmãos Stone deixaram NC e foram para a Pike Co., KY, e permaneceram por um ano. Um ficou na Pike Co., outro foi para Lewis Co., KY oneto TN e outro para TX. No censo de 1880, o pai de James Edward Stone nasceu em NC e sua mãe em KY.

Grupo # 7-F
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 49983.
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* JAMES M. STONE b. 15 de dezembro de 1778 Pilot Mountain, NC d. 22 de maio de 1848 NobleTwsp, Jay Co., IN
* Sarah Margaret Denny (esposa) m. 10 de fevereiro de 1808 Surry Co. NC
Filhos de James e Sarah:
* PEDRA DE CONOWAY b. abt. 1808 Surry Co. NC d. à popa 1850 Jay Co. IN m. abt.1833Martha [-? -]
* ELIZABETH STONE b. 21 de junho de 1820 Surry Co. NC d. 29 de dezembro de 1876 Meron, IN m 31 de agosto de 1830 Gallia Co. OH Henderson Graves
* MARY / POLLY STONE b. abt. 1812-1813 Surry Co. NC m. por 1850 Jay Co. IN AnthonyMartin
* LANDON STONE b. abt. 1815 Gallia Co. OH
* JAMES FRANKLIN STONE b. 5 de fevereiro de 1817 Gallia Co. OH m. Christien
* SARAH N. STONE b. 15 de maio de 1818 Gallia Co OH d. 1º de junho de 1885 Ft. Recuperação OH m.Wm McDaniel Jay Co. IN
* NANCY STONE b. abt. 1819 Gallia Co. OH d. 1887 Jay Co., IN
* WILLIAM IREDELL STONE b.10 março de 1820 Gallia Co. OH d. 7 de julho de 1897 Noble Twsp, JayCo. IN m.10 março de 1844 Margaret Warnock
* LEWIS W. STONE b. 30 de janeiro de 1822 Gallia Co. OH d. 27 de novembro de 1892 Recuperação do forte OH m.abt 1843 Elizabeth McDaniel 18 de junho de 1880 Charlotte Elizabeth Prescott Stone, viúva de seu filho John
* MELISSA STONE b. abt. 1824 Gallia Co. OH m. abt. 1848 Jay Co. EM William Grose
* ANGELINE STONE b. abt. 1827 Gallia Co. OH m. abt. 1847 James Graves
* PEDRA DE IZARIAH b. Outubro de 1829 Gallia Co. OH d. 17 de agosto de 1917 m. 25 de dezembro de 1864 Chile, IN Lucy Emma Martindale
* EZEKIEL STONE b. Fevereiro de 1834 Jay Co. IN d. 29 de março de 1904 Sullivan Co. EM m.abt. 1859 Sarah Elizabeth Oliphant

A maior parte dessas informações vem do manuscrito & # 8220Of the Stones & # 8221 de James HerbertStone, um descendente de James M. Stone e Sarah Denny Stone. Ele substitui a informação de que James Stone, que se casou com Sarah Denney, era o namorado de William Stone e sua segunda esposa, Rhoda Pryor. Pesquisas posteriores descobriram que William e Hannah Conway Stone ainda viviam após a data indicada para o casamento de William com Rhoda.

Grupo # 7-G
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 111791
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

* WILLIAM STONE, b. 3 de março de 1787, Condado de Surry (agora Condado de Stokes), N.C.d.Nov. 29, 1863.
* Edney Barner (esposa), b. 21 de junho de 1791, d. 10 de março de 1861.
Crianças:
* ISAAC BARNER STONE
* ANDERSON HUBBARD STONE b. 9 de novembro de 1813, d. 18 de janeiro de 1894, m. Melinda Fulk
* MARTHA (PATSY) STONE
* JOHN M. STONE
* PEDRA DE REBECCA (BECKY)
* WILLIAM G. STONE
* LINDSEY H. STONE
* MARY STONE
* JOEL J. STONE
* SALLY STONE
* PEDRA DE ELIZABETH (BETTY)

William foi professor, fazendeiro, policial e juiz de paz por 20 anos, de 1840 a 1860 no condado de Stokes. Esta família foi documentada por Jean StoneHall em seu livro & quotStones of Stokes. & Quot The Old Stone Place em StokesCounty atualmente é propriedade de um descendente.

Grupo # 7-H
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 147406
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

* THOMAS STONE, propriedade de terras em Fauquier County VA com esposa em 1757, 1767 e amp1772.
* Mary Butler (esposa)
Crianças:
* BENJAMIN STONE b. abt. 1743, d. 4 de junho de 1833 Harrison Co., OH m. Anna Asbury
* THOMAS STONE
* JOHN STONE
* WILLIAM STONE
* PEDRA DE SPENCER (possivelmente)

O remetente documentou Benjamin como filho de Thomas e Mary e também acredita que havia três ou quartos outros filhos: Thomas, John, William e possivelmente Spencer. A documentação para este grupo inclui uma carta escrita por William Spencer Stone (filho de Elijah Craig, neto de Benjamin ) em 1900, para sua sobrinha Mary AnnStone citando um manuscrito autobiográfico escrito por Jeremiah AsburyStone (filho de Benjamin).

Grupo # 7-I
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 158318
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)
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* THOMAS STONE, b. 1698/99, d. 1756, Condado de Prince William, VA
Crianças:
* THOMAS STONE, JR., B. 1721/22, Condado de Stafford, VA, d. 1788, Condado de Fauquier, VA, m. Mary Butler
* WILLIAM STONE, b. 1725, Condado de Prince William, VA, d. 1788/89, Randolph County, NC, m. Hannah Conway, b. 1727, King George County, VA, d. 1792, Randolph County, NC
* JOHN STONE, b. 1727, Condado de Prince William, VA, d. 1800, Condado de Laurens, SC, m.Mildruge Corder
Filhos de William e Hannah:
* JOHN STONE, b. 1748/49, Condado de Prince William, VA, d. abt 1823, m. Bethsy Curry
* WILLIAM STONE, JR., B. 1751/52, Condado de Prince William, VA, d. abt. 1820, SurryCounty, NC
* EZEKIEL STONE, b. 1756, Condado de Prince William, VA, d. 1855, Marion County, TN, m. Jane Wood
* ENOCH STONE, b. 1759, Condado de Prince William, VA, d. 1823, Condado de Surry, NC, M. Nancy Anthony
* CONWAY STONE, b. 1761, Granville County, NC, d. 1834, Condado de Monroe, TN, m. ElizabethGalaliee
* HANNAH STONE, b. 1764, Granville County, NC, d. 1834, Condado de Jackson, IL, m. DanielBarrow

Grupo # 7-J
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 158526
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Ancestral paterno mais antigo:

John Stone 1750 Guilford County, NC

+++ Match +++

Grupo # 7-K
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 173898.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

Grupo # 7-L
Resultados do teste recebidos. Kit # 175368.
Haplogrupo: R-M269 (previsto)
Contato: [email protected]

* THOMAS STONE, b. abt. 1695-1701 d. Agosto de 1756

* WILLIAM STONE b. 1725 Prince William Co., VA, d. abt1788Randolph County, NC m. abt 1746 em Prince William Co., VA Hannah Conway.

* WILLIAM STONE b. abt. 1751 Prince William Co., VA d.abt1820 Surry Co., NC, m. desconhecido

* EZEKIEL STONE b. 1776, NC, d. após maio de 1864, Lewis Co., KYm. Edith & # 8220Eady & # 8221 Duncan, b. 1780 SC, d. antes de 1870, Lewis Co., KY

Filhos de Ezekieland Edie Stone:

* MARY & quotPOLLY & quot STONE b. abt 1801 NC, d. 1839Ark m.1820 Floyd Co., Ky., John B. Mankins, b. 1804 Orange County NC, d. 1876MariposaCo., Califórnia.

* THOMAS STONE Sr., b. 28 de julho de 1803, NC ou VA., D. 4 de maio de 1877, Lewis County, KY., M. 15 de maio de 1823 em Floyd Co., KY Elizabeth Stafford b.Aug. 24, 1806 em VA d. 17 de fevereiro de 900 em Lewis Co., KY.
* JOHN S.STONE, b. 1805, NC ou VA., D. 1848 Floyd County, KY m. 1ª Mary & # 8220Polly & # 8221Hanna, 2ª Jane & # 8220Jenny & # 8221 Stephens
* ELIZABETH STONE b. 18 de janeiro de 1807, NC ou VA., D. 9 de outubro de 1888, Condado de Carter, KYm. James McGlone em 14 de novembro de 1833 em Floyd Co., KY.
* JAMES MARION STONE, b. 1810, Floyd Co., KY, d. 3 de maio de 1889, Wayne, Wayne County, WVA m. 1ª Nancy Damron, 2ª Perlina (Paulina) Heneger
* NANCY STONE, b. 1813, Floyd Co., KY, d. 1836 KY m. Hiram McGinnis em 24 de outubro de 1833 em Floyd Co., KY
Filhos de Thomas Stone Sênior e Elizabeth Stone:
* EZEKIEL STONE, 1824-1915
* JAMES EDWARD STONE, 1827-1907
* JOHN STONE, 1830-1895
* CHALISTA STONE, 1832-1912
* WILLIAM H. STONE, 1836-1876
* SANFORD JACKSON STONE, 1838-1928
*EDITH “Edie” STONE, 1842-1921
*THOMAS STONE, Jr., b. Feb. 2, 1846, Lewis Co., KY, d. June 13, 1930, LewisCo.,KY m. 1st Florida William, 2nd Sophia Weaver Lewis, b. Aug. 12, 1854,LewisCo., KY, d. Jan. 3, 1922, Rowan Co. KY
*MARY ABIGAIL STONE, 1848-1927
*RALPH STONE, 1851-unknown
Child of Thomas Stone, Jr. and Sophia Stone:
*WYATT BURRIS STONE, b. May 11, 1897, Lewis Co., KY, d. June 26, 1970,RowanCo., KY m. Laura Mae Lewis, b. June 27, 1902, Rowan Co. KY, d. Dec. 26,1991,Rowan Co. KY.

Ezekiel Stone was an early settler in Floyd County, KY, arriving by1810.Records show he was a Baptist minister and circuit rider for the Burning SpringsChurch in present-day Salyersville, KY, and the Buffalo Shoals Church nearPaintsville, KY. Ezekiel and Edie relocated to the Tug Forkarea ofpresent Wayne County, WVA (formerly Cabell County, VA) in 1836. By1853, theywere living in Lewis County, KY, near their eldest son Thomas Stone Sr. (b.1803), a large landowner, and his numerous descendants.
Edith “Eady” Stone’s maiden name of Duncan is based on tradition.


Ближайшие родственники

About Thomas Stone, signer of the "Declaration of Independence"

Thomas Stone was the son of David Stone, of Pointon Manor, Charles County, Maryland. His father was a de-scendant of William Stone, who was governor of Maryland during the protectorate of Oliver Cromwell. The boyhood of Thomas Stone was distinguished by an unusual fondness for learning. At the age of fifteen, having acquired a re-spectable knowledge of the English language, he obtained the reluctant consent of his father to enter the school of a Mr. Blaizedel, a Scotchman, for the purpose of pursuing the Greek and Latin languages. This school was at the distance of ten miles from his father's residence yet, such was the zeal of young Stone, that he was in the habit of rising sufficiently early in tile morning, to traverse this distance on horseback, and enter the school at the usual time of its commencement.

On leaving the school of Mr. Blaizedel, the subject of our memoir was anxious to prosecute the study of law. But, although his father was a gentleman of fortune, his son was under the necessity of borrowing money to enable him to carry his laudable design into effect. He placed himself under the care of Thomas Johnson, a respectable lawyer of Annapolis. Having finished his preparatory studies, he entered upon the practice of his profession in Fredericktown, Mary-land, where having resided two years, he removed to Charles county, in the same state.

During his residence in the former of these places, his business had enabled him to discharge the obligations under which he had laid himself for his education. At the age of twenty-eight, he married the daughter of Dr. Gustavus Brown, with whom he received the sum of one thousand pounds sterling. With this money, he purchased a farm, near the village of Port Tobacco, upon which he continued to reside during the revolutionary struggle.

The business of Mr. Stone, during a considerable part of that period, was not lucrative and as the soil of the farm upon which he lived was poor, he found it difficult to obtain more than a competent livelihood. The expenses of his family were increased by the charge of four brothers, who were yet of tender years. The situation of many of our fathers, during those trying times, was similar to that of Mr. Stone. They had small patrimonies business was in a great mea-sure suspended and, added to this, their time and talents wore imperiously demanded by their suffering country. Yet, amidst all these difficulties and trials, a pure patriotism con-tinued to burn within their breasts, and enabled them most cheerfully to make any and every sacrifice to which they were called by the cause of freedom. Nor should it be for-gotten, that in these sacrifices the families of our fathers joy-fully participated. They received without a murmur "the spoiling of their goods," being elevated by the reflection, that this was necessary for the achievement of that indepen-dence to which they considered themselves and their posteri-ty as entitled.

Although Mr. Stone was a gentleman of acknowledged ta-lents, and of inflexible and incorruptible integrity, it does not appear that he was brought forward into public life until some time in the year 1774. He was not a member of the illustrious Congress of that year, but receiving an appointment as a delegate in December, he took his seat in that body in the following May and, for several years afterwards, was annually re-elected to the same dignified station.

In our biographical sketches of the other gentlemen who belonged about this time to the Maryland delegation, we have had frequent occasion to notice the loyalty and affection which prevailed in that province, for several years, towards the king and the parent country and hence the reluctance of her citizens to sanction the Declaration of Independence. When, therefore, towards the close of the year 1775, such a measure began seriously to be discussed in the country, the people of Maryland became alarmed and, apprehensive lest their delegation in congress, which was composed generally of young men, should be disposed to favor the measure, the convention of that province attempted to restrain them by strict and specific instructions: "We instruct you," said they, "that you do not, without the previous knowledge and approbation of the convention of this province, assent to any proposition to declare these colonies independent of the crown of Great Britain, nor to any proposition for making or entering into an alliance with any foreign power nor to any union or confederation of these colonies, which may necessarily lead to a separation from the mother country, unless in your judgments, or in the judgments of any four of you, or a majority of the whole of you, if all shall be then attending in Congress, it shall be thought absolutely necessary for the preservation of the liber-ties of the united colonies and should a majority of the colo-nies in congress, against such your judgment, resolve to declare these colonies independent of the crown of Great Britain, or to make or enter into alliance with any foreign power, or into any union or confederation of these colonies, which may necessarily lead to a separation from the mother country, then we instruct you immediately to call the convention of this province, and repair thereto with such proposi-tion and resolve, and lay the same before the said convention for their consideration and this convention will not hold this province bound by such majority in congress, until the repre-sentative body of the province in convention assent thereto."

The cautious policy observable in these instructions, arose. not so much from timidity on the part of the people of Maryland, as from a sincere attachment to the royal government and an equally sincere affection to the parent country. Soon after, however, the aspect of things in this province began to change. The affections of the people became gradually weaned from Great Britain. It was apparent that a reunion with that country, on constitutional principles, though infinitely desirable, was not to be expected. By the fifteenth of May, 1776, these sentiments had become so strong, that a resolution passed the convention, declaring the authority of the crown at an end, and the necessity that each colony should form a constitution of government for itself.

In the latter part of June, the work of regeneration was accomplished. The people of Maryland generally expressed themselves, in courtly meetings, decidedly in favor of a De-claration of Independence. This expression of public sentiment proved irresistible, and convention proceeded to resolve: "That the instructions given to their deputies be recalled, and the restrictions therein contained, removed and that the deputies of said colony, or any three or more of them, be authorized and empowered to concur with the other united colonies, or a majority of them, in declaring the united colonies free and independent states in forming such further compact and confederation between them in making foreign alliances and in adopting such other measures as shall be adjudged necessary for securing the liberties of America and that said colony will hold itself bound by the resolutions of the majority of the united colonies in the pre-mises provided the sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal government and police of that colony be reser-ved to the people thereof."

Being thus relieved from the trammels which had before bound them, Mr. Stone and his colleagues joyfully recorded their names in favor of a measure, which was connected with the imperishable glory of their country.

Soon after the declaration of independence, congress ap-pointed a committee to prepare articles of confederation. To act on this committee, Mr. Stone was selected from the Maryland delegation. The duty devolving upon them was exceedingly arduous. Their report of the plan of a confede-ration was before the house for a long period, and was the subject of debate thirty-nine times. Nor was it at length agreed to, till the fifteenth day of November, 1777. Although the people of Maryland had consented to a declaration of in-dependence, after their first fervor had subsided, their for-mer jealousy returned and the Maryland convention pro-ceeded to limit the powers of their delegates, as to the forma-tion of the confederation. At the same time, not obscure-ly hinting in their resolution, that it might be still possible and certainly desirable, to accommodate the unhappy diffe-rences with Great Britain.

The above resolution was expressed in the following terms: "That the delegates, or any three or more of them, he authorized and empowered to concur with the other United States, or a majority of them, in forming a confedera-tion, and in making foreign alliances, provided that such confederation, when formed, be not binding upon this state, without the assent of the general assembly and the said delegates, or any three or more of them, are also authorized and empowered to concur in any measures, which may be resolved on by Congress for carrying on the war with Great Britain, and securing the liberties of the United States reserving always to this state, the sole and exclusive right of regulating the internal police thereof. And the said delegates, or any three or more of them, are hereby authorized and empowered, notwithstanding any measure heretofore taken, to concur with the congress, or a majority of them, in accommodating our unhappy difference with Great Britain, on such terms as the congress, or a majority of them, shall think proper."

After seeing the confederation finally agreed upon in Con-gress, Mr. Stone declined a re-appointment to that body, but became a member of the Maryland legislature, where he pow-erfully contributed to meliorate the feelings of many, who were strongly opposed to the above plan of confederation. He had the pleasure, however, with other friends of that measure, to see it at length approved by the general assembly and the people generally.

Under this confederation, in 1783, he was again elected to a seat in Congress. In the session of 1784 he acted for some time as president pro tempore. On the breaking up of congress this year, he finally retired from that body, and again engaged actively in the duties of his profession. His practice now became lucrative in Annapolis, whither he had removed his residence and in professional reputation he rose to great distinction. As an advocate, he excelled in strength of argument. He was often employed in cases of great difficulty and by his brethren of the bar, it was thought eminently desirable, at such times, to have him for their colleague.

In 1787, Mr. Stone was called to experience an affliction which caused a deep and abiding melancholy to settle upon his spirits. This was the death of Mrs. Stone, to whom he was justly and most tenderly attached. During a long state of weakness and decline, induced by injudicious treatment on the occasion of her having the small pox by inoculation, Mr. Stone watched over her with the most unwearied devo-tion. At length, however, she sank to the grave. From this time, the health of Mr. Stone evidently declined. In the autumn of the same year his physicians advised him to make a sea voyage and in obedience to that advice, he repaired to Alexandria, to embark for England. Before the vessel was ready to sail, however, he suddenly expired, on the fifth of October, 1787, in the forty-fifth year of his age.

Mr. Stone was a professor of religion, and distinguished for a sincere and fervent piety. To strangers, he had the appearance of austerity but among his intimate friends, he was affable, cheerful, and familiar. In his disposition he was uncommonly amiable, and well disposed. In person, he was tall, but well proportioned.

Mr. Stone left one son and two daughters. The son died in 1793, while pursuing the study of law. One of the daugh-ters, it is said, still lives, and is respectably married in the state Virginia.


The Real Story Behind Plymouth Rock

Yes, Plymouth Rock never fails to underwhelm, leaving tourists struck by disappointment rather than awe. But don’t blame the rock. America’s most famous piece of granite is simply a victim of outsized expectations. The overhyped legend surrounding the Pilgrims’ supposed landing place conjures visions of the Rock of Gibraltar. The reality, however, is that the country’s birthstone is a mere boulder.

And then there’s the inconvenient truth that no historical evidence exists to confirm Plymouth Rock as the Pilgrims’ steppingstone to the New World. Leaving aside the fact that the Pilgrims first made landfall on the tip of Cape Cod in November 1620 before sailing to safer harbors in Plymouth the following month, William Bradford and his fellow Mayflower passengers made no written references to setting foot on a rock as they disembarked to start their settlement on a new continent.

It wasn’t until 1741� years after the arrival of the Mayflower—that a 10-ton boulder in Plymouth Harbor was identified as the precise spot where Pilgrim feet first trod. The claim was made by 94-year-old Thomas Faunce, a church elder who said his father, who arrived in Plymouth in 1623, and several of the original Mayflower passengers assured him the stone was the specific landing spot. When the elderly Faunce heard that a wharf was to be built over the rock, he wanted a final glimpse. He was conveyed by chair 3 miles from his house to the harbor, where he reportedly gave Plymouth Rock a tearful goodbye. Whether Faunce’s assertion was accurate oral history or the figment of a doddering old mind, we don’t know. (And if Faunce indeed was telling a tall tale about the humble chunk of granite, he broke the cardinal rule of American mythology: When you make stuff up, go big—really big.)

What is certain, however, is that diminutive Plymouth Rock quickly grew into a prodigious American icon, and the boulder and the country it symbolizes have led eerily parallel lives over the past 250 years. Much like the United States itself, Plymouth Rock came of age in a burst of patriotic fervor. It was split in two and cemented back together. And while it has been battered by time, it continues to endure.


Thomas Stone National Historic Site

The roots of the surname Thomas lie in the rugged landscape of Wales. Thomas was a popular Medieval given throughout Europe, coming from the popular biblical name. It is ultimately derived from the Aramaic personal name meaning "twin." Prior to the Norman Conquest, this name was rarely found, but by the 13th and 14th centuries, it became extremely common in Britain.

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Early Origins of the Thomas family

The surname Thomas was first found in Breconshire (Welsh: Sir Frycheiniog), a traditional county in southern Wales, which takes its name from the Welsh kingdom of Brycheiniog (5th-10th centuries), where the family claims descendance from Owen Glendower, Lord of Glyndwyrdwy, Prince of South Wales.

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Early History of the Thomas family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Thomas research. Another 97 words (7 lines of text) covering the years 1613, 1689, 1665, 1683, 1677, 1683, 1683, 1689, 1633, 1677, 1654, 1656 and are included under the topic Early Thomas History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

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Thomas Spelling Variations

Welsh surnames are relatively few in number, but they have an inordinately large number of spelling variations. There are many factors that explain the preponderance of Welsh variants, but the earliest is found during the Middle Ages when Welsh surnames came into use. Scribes and church officials recorded names as they sounded, which often resulted in a single person's name being inconsistently recorded over his lifetime. The transliteration of Welsh names into English also accounts for many of the spelling variations: the unique Brythonic Celtic language of the Welsh had many sounds the English language was incapable of accurately reproducing. It was also common for members of a same surname to change their names slightly, in order to signify a branch loyalty within the family, a religious adherence, or even patriotic affiliations. For all of these reasons, the many spelling variations of particular Welsh names are very important. The surname Thomas has occasionally been spelled Thomas, Tomas, MacThomas, FitzThomas, Thomasett and others.

Early Notables of the Thomas family (pre 1700)

Prominent amongst the family during the late Middle Ages was Sir William Thomas of Folkington Rt. Rev. William Thomas D.D. (1613-1689), a Welsh Anglican bishop, Dean of Worcester (1665-1683), Bishop of St.
Another 31 words (2 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Thomas Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Thomas family to Ireland

Some of the Thomas family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 81 words (6 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Thomas migration +

Alguns dos primeiros colonos com este sobrenome foram:

Thomas Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • Joe, John, Robert, and Nathaniel Thomas, who all, who settled in Virginia in 1621
  • Christopher Thomas, who settled in Virginia in 1635
  • Carsten Thomas, aged 28, who arrived in New Netherland(s) in 1639 [1]
  • Abra Thomas, who arrived in Virginia in 1648 [1]
  • Caleb Thomas, who landed in Maryland in 1651 [1]
  • . (Mais estão disponíveis em todos os nossos produtos PDF Extended History e produtos impressos, sempre que possível.)
Thomas Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Matheus Thomas, who sailed for America in 1709 with his wife and daughters
  • Heinrich Thomas, who settled in America in 1709 settling in Carolina or Pennsylvania
  • Andreas Thomas, who landed in New York, NY in 1710-1714 [1]
  • Alexander Thomas, who settled in Virginia in 1717
  • Edwin Thomas, who settled in Nevis in 1747
  • . (Mais estão disponíveis em todos os nossos produtos PDF Extended History e produtos impressos, sempre que possível.)
Thomas Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Amyus Thomas, who arrived in New York in 1807 [1]
  • Angus Thomas, aged 45, who landed in New York in 1812 [1]
  • Carl Thomas, who arrived in Texas in 1846 [1]
  • Llewellyn Thomas, who was naturalized in Iowa in 1851
  • A S Thomas, who arrived in San Francisco, California in 1851 [1]
  • . (Mais estão disponíveis em todos os nossos produtos PDF Extended History e produtos impressos, sempre que possível.)
Thomas Settlers in United States in the 20th Century

Thomas migration to Canada +

Alguns dos primeiros colonos com este sobrenome foram:

Thomas Settlers in Canada in the 17th Century
  • Mr. Martin Thomas, French settler travelling to Canada for work arriving on 14th April 1673 [2]
  • Henry Thomas, who settled in Harbour Grace, Newfoundland, in 1685 [3]
Thomas Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. William Thomas U.E. who arrived at Port Roseway, [Shelburne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 193 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 28, 1783 at Staten Island, New York, USA [4]
  • Mr. Samuel Thomas U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]
  • Mr. Samuel Thomas U.E. who settled in Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]
  • Mr. Stephen Thomas U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [4]
  • Mr. Thomas Thomas U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 he became a Freeman in 1795 was a Boat Builder [4]
  • . (Mais estão disponíveis em todos os nossos produtos PDF Extended History e produtos impressos, sempre que possível.)
Thomas Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Ann Thomas, who arrived in Canada in 1832
  • Mrs. Thomas, aged 35, a lady, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1833 aboard the brig "Sarah" from Bristol, England
  • Mary Thomas, aged 21, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast, Ireland
  • Ester Thomas, aged 19, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick in 1834 aboard the schooner "Sarah" from Belfast, Ireland
  • William Thomas, aged 32, a labourer, who arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick aboard the ship "Cupid" in 1834
  • . (Mais estão disponíveis em todos os nossos produtos PDF Extended History e produtos impressos, sempre que possível.)

Thomas migration to Australia +

A emigração para a Austrália seguiu as primeiras frotas de condenados, comerciantes e primeiros colonos. Os primeiros imigrantes incluem:

Thomas Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Thomas Baker, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • Mr. Thomas Ball, English convict who was convicted in Berkshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • Mr. Thomas Bartlett, English convict who was convicted in Hampshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • Mr. Thomas Birt, English convict who was convicted in Berkshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • Mr. Thomas Bristow, English convict who was convicted in Kent, England for 14 years, transported aboard the "Barwell" in September 1797, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[5]
  • . (Mais estão disponíveis em todos os nossos produtos PDF Extended History e produtos impressos, sempre que possível.)
Thomas Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Robert Thomas, Irish convict who was convicted in Kerry, Ireland for 7 years, transported aboard the "Atlas" on 29th November 1801, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[6]
  • Mr. John Thomas, British convict who was convicted in Surrey, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[7]
  • Mr. William Thomas, British convict who was convicted in Wiltshire, England for life, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[7]
  • Mr. William Thomas, British convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Calcutta" in February 1803, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[7]
  • Miss Mary Thomas, English convict who was convicted in Middlesex, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Canada" in March 1810, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[8]
  • . (Mais estão disponíveis em todos os nossos produtos PDF Extended History e produtos impressos, sempre que possível.)

Thomas migration to New Zealand +

A emigração para a Nova Zelândia seguiu os passos dos exploradores europeus, como o Capitão Cook (1769-70): primeiro vieram caçadores de focas, baleeiros, missionários e comerciantes. Em 1838, a Companhia Britânica da Nova Zelândia começou a comprar terras das tribos Maori e vendê-las aos colonos e, após o Tratado de Waitangi em 1840, muitas famílias britânicas iniciaram a árdua jornada de seis meses da Grã-Bretanha a Aotearoa para começar uma nova vida. Os primeiros imigrantes incluem:

Thomas Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. Thomas, Australian settler travelling from Hobart, Tasmania, Australia aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1833 [9]
  • William Thomas, who landed in Korohiwa, opposite Mana, New Zealand in 1836 aboard the ship Caroline
  • Joseph Thomas, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840 aboard the ship Adelaide
  • George Thomas, who landed in Doubtless Bay, New Zealand in 1840
  • George Thomas, who landed in Wellington, New Zealand in 1840
  • . (Mais estão disponíveis em todos os nossos produtos PDF Extended History e produtos impressos, sempre que possível.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Thomas (post 1700) +

  • Sir John Meurig "JMT" Thomas FLSW FRS HonFREng HonFRSE FRMS (1932-2020), Welsh scientist, educator, university administrator, and historian of science
  • Ena Thomas (1935-2020), Welsh television chef from Carmarthenshire
  • David Sidney "Syd" Thomas (1919-2012), Welsh professional footballer for the Wales National Team (1947-1948) he impressed Fulham so much in a trial match that he was offered a contract at half-time in 1938
  • David Thomas (1942-2017), Welsh Anglican prelate, Provincial Assistant Bishop of the Church in Wales
  • Gwyn Thomas (1936-2016), Welsh poet and academic, former National Poet of Wales
  • Gareth Daniel Thomas (1945-2016), Welsh actor, known for his roles in Blakes 7 (1978), Parkin's Patch (1969) and Merlin (1998)
  • David Charles Thomas (1934-2013), Welsh professional golfer and renowned golf course architect
  • Sir John Stradling Thomas (1925-1991), Welsh Conservative Party politician
  • Peter John Mitchell Thomas PC , QC (1920-2008), BaronThomas of Gwydir, Welsh Conservative politician
  • Ronald Stuart Thomas (b. 1913), Welsh poet and priest
  • . (Another 85 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Thomas family +

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Walter Daniel Thomas (1910-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Whangaparoa, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [10]
  • Mr. Roy Pearce Thomas (d. 1979), New Zealander passenger, from Tauranga, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [10]
Arrow Air Flight 1285
  • Mr. Robert F Thomas (b. 1962), American Specialist 4th Class from Roslyn, New York, USA who died in the crash [11]
  • Mr. Randall Keith Thomas (b. 1954), American Sergeant from Springdale, Arkansas, USA who died in the crash [11]
Bismarck
  • Günter Thomas (1922-1941), German Matrosengefreiter who served aboard the German Battleship Bismarck during World War II when it was sunk heading to France he died in the sinking [12]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mr. William Thomas, British Assistant Steward from United Kingdom who worked aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [13]
Halifax Explosion
  • Mr. George P.  Thomas (1857-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mr. William Charles  Thomas (1872-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mrs. Bertha  Thomas (1881-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who survived the explosion but later died due to injuries [14]
  • Mrs. Martha Lillian  Thomas (1895-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • Mr. Clarence S.  Thomas (1896-1917), Canadian resident from Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada who died in the explosion [14]
  • . (Another 3 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Hillcrest Coal Mine
  • Mr. Deo Thomas (1885-1914), American Driver Boss from Washington State, United States who worked in the Hillcrest Coal Mine, Alberta, Canada and died in the mine collapse [15]
Hillsborough disaster
  • David Leonard Thomas (1965-1989), English joiner who was attending the FA Cup semi-final at Hillsborough Stadium, in Sheffield, Yorkshire when the stand allocated area became overcrowded and 96 people were crushed in what became known as the Hillsborough disaster and he died from his injuries [16]
HMS Dorsetshire
  • Emlyn Ernest Thomas (1902-1945), British Mechanician aboard the HMS Dorsetshire when she was struck by air bombers and sunk he died in the sinking [17]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Harold J Thomas (b. 1918), Welsh Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from Bedwellty, Monmouthshire, Wales, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Francis J Thomas (b. 1897), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy from St Helier, Channel Islands, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [18]
HMS Prince of Wales
  • Mr. W Thomas, British Leading Cook, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Reginald Alfred Thomas, British Sergeant Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. G Thomas, British Cook, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. Dennis Thomas, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [19]
  • Mr. D Thomas, British Able Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Prince of Wales and survived the sinking [19]
  • . (Another 3 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Joseph Thomas, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Emrys Thomas, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
  • Mr. D Thomas, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [20]
  • Mr. John Selwyn Thomas, British Ordnance Artificer 4th Class, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. John Richard Thomas, British Marine, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and died in the sinking [20]
  • . (Another 6 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
HMS Royal Oak
  • Robert Andrew Thomas (1915-1939), British Marine with the Royal Marine aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk he died in the sinking [21]
Pan Am Flight 103 (Lockerbie)
  • Arva Anthony Thomas (1971-1988), American Student from Detroit, Michigan, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [22]
  • Jonathan Ryan Thomas (1988-1988), American Passenger from Southfield, Michigan, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [22]
  • Lawanda Thomas (1967-1988), American Air Force Sergeant from Southfield, Michigan, America, who flew aboard the Pan Am Flight 103 from Frankfurt to Detroit, known as the Lockerbie bombing in 1988 and died [22]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. David Alfred Thomas, Welsh 1st Class Passenger from Cardiff, Wales, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking by escaping in life boat 11 [23]
  • Mr. John Thomas, English Second Waiter from England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and survived the sinking [23]
  • Mr. William Stanford Thomas, English 2nd Class Cabin Bed Steward from Walton, Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [23]
  • Mr. George Henry Thomas, English Assistant Officers' Mess Steward from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [23]
  • Mr. Ernest Thomas, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [24]
  • . (Another 1 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
RMS Titanic
  • Mr. Joseph Wakefield Thomas (d. 1912), aged 25, English Fireman/Stoker from Southampton, Hampshire who worked aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. John Thomas (d. 1912), aged 34, Unknown Third Class passenger from Unknown who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Tannous John Thomas (d. 1912), aged 16, Lebanese Third Class passenger from Unknown who sailed aboard the RMS Titanic and died in the sinking [25]
SS Alcoa Puritan
  • J.W. Thomas, American First Assistant Engineer from Portland, Oregon, who was working aboard the SS Alcoa Puritan traveling from Port of Spain, Trinidad to Mobile, Alabama when it was torpedoed by U-boat U-507 he survived the sinking [26]
USS Arizona
  • Mr. Stanley Horace Thomas, American Fireman Third Class working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Vincent Duron Thomas, American Coxswain from California, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Houston O'Neal Thomas, American Coxswain from Texas, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [27]
  • Mr. Randall James Thomas, American Seaman First Class from West Virginia, USA working aboard the ship "USS Arizona" when she sunk during the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7th December 1941, he died in the sinking [27]

Histórias Relacionadas +

The Thomas Motto +

O lema era originalmente um grito de guerra ou slogan. Os lemas começaram a ser exibidos com armas nos séculos XIV e XV, mas não eram usados ​​até o século XVII. Assim, os brasões de armas mais antigos geralmente não incluem um lema. Os lemas raramente fazem parte da concessão de armas: sob a maioria das autoridades heráldicas, um lema é um componente opcional do brasão e pode ser acrescentado ou alterado à vontade que muitas famílias optaram por não exibir um lema.

Lema: I dduw bo'r diolch
Tradução do lema: To God be thanks.


Assista o vídeo: Exploro TUBO de DRENAJE Abandonado. Diki Duki Terrorifico (Outubro 2022).

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