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Suncock AN-80 - História

Suncock AN-80 - História


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Suncock

(AN-80: dp. 785 (completo); 1. 168'6; b. 33'10 ", dr. 10'10 (completo); 8 12,98 k. (Tl.); Cpl. 48; a. 1 3 "; cl. Cohoes)

Suncock (AN-80) foi estabelecido em Portland, Oreg., Em 30 de novembro de 1944 pela Commercial Iron Works; lançado em 16 de fevereiro de 1945; patrocinado pela Sra. Laura B. Stephenson; e comissionado em 5 de maio de 1945, o tenente Robert C. Ramey, USNR, no comando.

Ela conduziu shakedown e treinamento na costa da Califórnia até 8 de julho, quando partiu para Pearl Harbor. De lá, ela foi encaminhada para o Atol Eniwetok, no Pacífico central. Ela chegou ao enorme ancoradouro em 1º de agosto, apenas duas semanas antes do fim das hostilidades. Lá ela cuidou de redes pelos sete meses seguintes, fazendo uma viagem de ida e volta a Ponape em dezembro de 1945.

Em março de 1946, ela partiu para Guam na companhia de Shakarnixon (AN-88) e depois de duas semanas lá, continuou para Bikini Atoli nas Ilhas Marshall, onde chegou em 30 de março. Suncock permaneceu nas proximidades dos Atóis de Bikini e Kwajalein até setembro, apoiando os testes da bomba atômica conhecidos como Operação "Encruzilhada". Em 2 de setembro, ela limpou a área e navegou via Pearl Harbor para a costa oeste. Ela chegou a Seattle, Washington, em 30 de setembro e lá permaneceu até junho do ano seguinte, passando por desobstrução radiológica.

Em janeiro de 1947, ela foi colocada na reserva, mas permaneceu na comissão. Em 10 de junho, ela partiu de Seattle e chegou, dois dias depois, a Astoria, onde foi colocada fora de serviço. Permaneceu com a frota "naftalina" até agosto de 1961, quando a custódia foi transferida para a Administração Marítima. Em setembro de 1962, ela foi novamente transferida, desta vez para o Bureau of Mines para uso como um navio de pesquisa no Marine Mineral Technology Center em Tiburon, Califórnia. Seu nome foi retirado da lista da Marinha em 1 de setembro de 1962 e ela se tornou a navio de pesquisa, Grass Valley. Ela serviu com esse nome até ser devolvida à Marinha para eliminação em 18 de junho de 1968. Em 28 de julho de 1971, seu hulk foi vendido para a Waterman Supply Co., Wilmington, Califórnia.


A ferrovia Suncook Valley

A Suncook Valley Railroad foi originalmente fretada em 1863 para construir uma linha através do Suncook Valley, entre Suncook e Alton Bay via Pittsfield, em New Hampshire. (Tanto a Suncook Valley Railroad, para percorrer entre Suncook e Pittsfield, quanto a Suncook Valley Extension Railroad, para percorrer entre Pittsfield e Alton, foram fretadas separadamente, mas pretendiam ser uma única faixa de domínio.) A linha entre Suncook e Pittsfield foi construída em 1869, com o restante da linha, alcançando apenas até o Centro Barnstead, concluído 20 anos depois.

A linha ficou sob o controle da Boston and Maine Railroad em 1895, que decidiu abandonar toda a rota em 1924. A oposição local ao abandono levou a B & ampM a vender a linha, que continuou operando como uma empresa independente sob a Suncook Valley Railroad apelido. No entanto, o aumento dos custos de operação e o aumento da prevalência do automóvel representaram a ruína final para a ferrovia. O segmento Pittsfield-Center Barnstead foi abandonado em 1947, com o restante da linha seguindo em 1952.

O direito de passagem é notável por usar um zigue-zague para subir o declive do rio Merrimack para o Suncook a partir de uma conexão com a linha B & ampM Concord-Hooksett, também abandonada.

Tem informações sobre quaisquer trilhos abandonados? Por favor, envie-me um e-mail de que você receberá crédito por qualquer coisa que contribuir.


Construção e carreira

Suncook foi estabelecido em Portland, Oregon em 30 de novembro de 1944 pela Commercial Iron Works. O navio foi lançado em 16 de fevereiro de 1945, patrocinado pela Sra. Laura B. Stephenson. Suncook foi comissionado em 5 de maio de 1945, o tenente Robert C. Ramey, USNR, no comando.

Serviço da segunda guerra mundial

Suncook conduziu shakedown e treinamento na costa da Califórnia até 8 de julho, quando ela partiu para Pearl Harbor. De lá, ela foi encaminhada para o Atol Eniwetok, no Oceano Pacífico central. Ela chegou ao ancoradouro em 1º de agosto, apenas duas semanas antes do fim das hostilidades. Lá ela cuidou de redes pelos sete meses seguintes, fazendo uma viagem de ida e volta a Ponape em dezembro de 1945.

Serviço pós-guerra

Em março de 1946, ela navegou para Guam na companhia de Shakamaxon e depois de duas semanas lá, continuou para o Atol de Bikini nas Ilhas Marshall, onde chegou em 30 de março.

Suncook Permaneceu nas proximidades dos Atóis de Bikini e Kwajalein até setembro, apoiando os testes da bomba atômica conhecidos como Operação Encruzilhada. Em 2 de setembro, ela limpou a área e navegou via Pearl Harbor para a costa oeste dos Estados Unidos. Chegou a Seattle, Washington, no dia 30 de setembro e lá permaneceu até junho do ano seguinte, passando por desobstrução radiológica.

Serviço pós-USN e disposição

Em janeiro de 1947, ela foi colocada na reserva, mas permaneceu na comissão. Em 10 de junho, ela partiu de Seattle e chegou, dois dias depois, em Astoria, Oregon, onde foi colocada fora de serviço. Ela permaneceu com a frota do & quotmothball & quot até agosto de 1961, quando a custódia foi transferida para a Administração Marítima dos EUA.

Em setembro de 1962, ela foi novamente transferida, desta vez para o Bureau of Mines dos EUA para ser usada como um navio de pesquisa no Marine Mineral Technology Center em Tiburon, Califórnia.

Renomeado Grass Valley

Seu nome foi retirado da Lista da Marinha em 1 de setembro de 1962 e ela se tornou o navio de pesquisa, Grass Valley. Ela serviu com esse nome até ser devolvida à Marinha para eliminação em 18 de junho de 1968. Em 28 de julho de 1971, seu hulk foi vendido para a Waterman Supply Co., Wilmington, Califórnia.


Operação Encruzilhada: Composição da Força-Tarefa Conjunta Um

Operação Encruzilhada: Composição da Força-Tarefa Conjunta Um
O JTF 1 foi organizado em 11 de janeiro de 1946. Seguiu os princípios básicos empregados durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial para desenvolver forças-tarefa anfíbias, mas incorporou as necessidades do programa científico. O estado-maior da força-tarefa conjunta era composto por pessoal do Exército, da Marinha e de cientistas civis. Esse estado-maior conjunto mantinha contato com os Departamentos de Guerra e Marinha, o Distrito de Engenheiros de Manhattan e outras agências governamentais.

A Força-Tarefa Conjunta de Comandante 1 [CJTF 1] manteve a ligação com duas diretorias de interesse especial, a Junta de Avaliação de Chefes de Estado-Maior (JCS) e a Comissão de Avaliação do Presidente. O Conselho de Avaliação deveria aconselhar o CJTF 1 durante a preparação para os testes e avaliar os resultados dos testes. A Comissão de Avaliação deveria cooperar com os Departamentos da Guerra e da Marinha na condução dos testes, realizar um estudo dos testes e apresentar suas observações ao Presidente, juntamente com os resultados, conclusões e recomendações.

JTF 1 foi subdividido em oito grupos de tarefas, cada um desempenhando alguma função específica.

Grupo de Tarefas 1.1 (Grupo Técnico)
Grupo de Tarefa 1.2 (Grupo de Embarcação Alvo)
Grupo de Tarefas 1.3 (Grupo de Transporte)
Grupo de Tarefas 1.4 (Grupo Terrestre do Exército)
Grupo de Tarefa 1.5 (Grupo Aéreo do Exército)
Grupo de Tarefa 1.6 (Grupo da Marinha Aérea)
Grupo de Tarefa 1.7 (Grupo de Patrulha de Superfície do Destroyer)
Grupo de Tarefa 1.8 (Grupo de Serviço)
Organização e Atividades Pós-Operação

A sede da JTF 1 era no USS Mount McKinley (AGC-7) (Joint Task Group Flagship).

Grupo de Tarefas 1.1 (Grupo Técnico)

O Grupo de Tarefa 1.1 [TG 1.1] foi responsável por instrumentar todos os navios-alvo e áreas-alvo. Os navios selecionados designados ao grupo foram equipados com instalações de laboratório para fazer a manutenção de instrumentos científicos e registrar todos os dados. A missão principal de sua Unidade de Barco Drone (Unidade de Tarefa 1.1.3 [TU 1.1.3]) era obter amostras iniciais de água radioativa após cada teste e conduzir reencontros radiológicos controlados remotamente da área da lagoa após o tiro BAKER. TG 1.1 também fez o seguinte:

A. Serviços técnicos operados e executados
B. Fenômenos físicos observados e medidos
C. Assessoria e assistência técnica fornecida.

O TG 1.1 tinha as três unidades de tarefa [TU] a seguir, listadas abaixo com os navios em que estavam baseados.

USS Albemarle (AV-5) (carro-chefe)
LCT-1359
LSM-60 (vaso de superfície zero BAKER)

TU 1.1.2 (Unidade de Instrumentação)

USS Avery Island (AG-76)
USS Burleson (APA-67)
USS Cumberland Sound (AV-17)
USS Haven (AH-12)
USS Kenneth Whiting (AV-14)
USS Wharton (AP-7)

Grupo de Tarefa 1.2 (Grupo de Embarcação Alvo)

A. Preparou e posicionou recipientes alvo para testes
B. Salvou e forneceu assistência de resgate a embarcações danificadas, danificadas ou em dificuldades
C. Navios evacuados no momento dos testes
D. Barcos mobiliados e tripulações de barco para a patrulha de barco
E. Barcos fornecidos de embarcações alvo para reconhecimento radsafe e transporte de equipes de inspeção inicial.

O TG 1.2 foi composto por sete unidades de tarefa [TU] durante o período de teste. Nem todos os navios TG 1.2 eram navios-alvo, embora a maioria fosse. Navios não-alvo (*) apoiavam a preparação, colocação e salvamento dos alvos. Vaso alvo BAKER apenas (**).

O Grupo de Tarefa 1.2 (Grupo de Embarcação Alvo) é embarcado participando do CROSSROADS.

Unidade de tarefa 1.2.1 (unidade de navio de guerra e cruzador)

Battleship Division 7 [BATDIV 7]

USS Arkansas (BB-33) (carro-chefe)
Nagato (navio de guerra japonês capturado)
USS New York (BB-34)

Battleship Division 9 [BATDIV 9]

USS Nevada (BB-36)
USS Pennsylvania (BB-38) (carro-chefe)

Cruiser Division 23 [CRUDIV 23]

USS Pensacola (CA-24)
Prinz Eugen (capturado cruzador pesado alemão)
Sakawa (cruzador pesado japonês capturado)
USS Salt Lake City (CA-25) (carro-chefe)

Unidade de Tarefa 1.2.2 (Unidade de Porta-aviões)

Carrier Division 31 [CARDIV 31]

Independência USS (CVL-22)
USS Saratoga (CV-3)

Unidade de Tarefa 1.2.3 (Unidade de Destruidor)

Destruidor Divisão 31 [DESDIV 31]

USS Anderson (DD-411)
USS Hughes (DD-410) (carro-chefe)
USS Lamson (DD-367)
USS Rhind (DD-404)

Destroyer Division 2 [DESDIV 2]

USS Ralph Talbot (DD-390)
Pilha USS (DD-406)
USS Wainwright (DD-419) (carro-chefe)
USS Wilson (DD-408)

Destruidor Divisão 3 [DESDIV 3]

USS Conyngham (DD-371)
USS Flusser (DD-368) *
USS Mugford (DD-389)
USS Mustin (DD-413)

Destruidor Divisão 4 [DESDIV 4]
USS Mayrant (DD-402)
USS Trippe (DD-403)

Unidade de Tarefa 1.2.4 (Unidade Submarina)

Divisão Submarina 111 [SUBDIV 111]

USS Searaven (SS-196)
USS Skate (SS-305)
USS Skipjack (SS-184)
USS Tuna (SS-203)

Divisão Submarina 112 [SUBDIV 112]

USS Apogon (SS-308)
USS Dentuda (SS-335)
USS Parche (SS-384)
USS Pilotfish (SS-386)

Unidade de Tarefa 1.2.5 (Unidade da Embarcação de Desembarque)

USS LST-52
USS LST-125
USS LST-133
USS LST-220
USS LST-545
USS LST-661

LCT-816
LCT-818
LCT-874
LCT-1078
LCT-1112
LCT-1113
LCT-1114
LCT-1115
LCT-1116 *
LCT-1130 *
LCT-1132 *
LCT-1155 *

LCT-412 **
LCT-414
LCT-705
LCT-812
LCT-1013
LCT-1175
LCT-1187
LCT-1237
LCT-1268 *
LCT-1341 *
LCT-1377 *
LCT-1415 *

Unidade de Tarefa 1.2.6 (Unidade Tipo Comerciante)

Divisão de Transporte 91 [TRANSDIV 91]

Banner USS (APA-60)
USS Brule (APA-66)
USS Carlisle (APA-69)
USS Carteret (APA-70)
USS Fallon (APA-81)

Divisão de Transporte 92 [TRANSDIV 92]

USS Barrow (APA-61)
USS Butte (APA-68)
USS Cortland (APA-75)
USS Crittenden (APA-77)
USS Dawson (APA-79)

Divisão de Transporte 93 [TRANSDIV 93]

USS Bladen (APA-63)
USS Bracken (APA-64)
USS Briscoe (APA-65)
USS Catron (APA-71)
USS Fillmore (APA-83)
USS Genebra (APA-86)
USS Niagara (APA-87)

Divisão de Transporte 94 [TRANSDIV 94]

USS Appling (APA-58) *
USS Artemis (AKA-21) *
USS Gasconade (APA-85)

Unidade de Tarefa 1.2.7 (Unidade de Resgate)

ATR-40 *
ATR-87 *
ATA-180 *
ATA-185 *
ATA-192 *
USS Achomawi (ATF-148) *
USS Chickasaw (ATF-83) *
Pinça USS (ARS-33) *
USS Conserver (ARS-39) *
USS Coucal (ASR-8) *
Corrente USS (ARS-22) *
USS Deliver (ARS-23) *
USS Etlah (AN-79) *
USS Gypsy (ARSD-1) *
LCT-581 *
LCT-746 *
LCT-1184 *
LCT-1420 *
USS Mender (ARSD-2) *
USS Oneota (AN-85) *
USS Palmyra (ARST (T) -3) *
Preservador USS (ARS-8) *
USS Reclaimer (ARS-42) *
USS Shakamaxon (AN-88) *
USS Suncock (AN-80) *
USS Widgeon (ASR-1) *

Uma oitava unidade de tarefa, TU 1.2.12 (Força de Manutenção Kwajalein), fornece descontaminação radiológica e remoção de munições e serviços de descarte para os navios JTF 1 movidos de Bikini para Kwajalein durante agosto e setembro de 1946. Outras atividades incluíram o acúmulo de operações em Bikini, radiológico levantamento da vida marinha ao redor das ilhas Wotho, Rongerik e Rongelap, preparação de navios para movimentação para outros estaleiros e auxílio no treinamento de graduados da escola de segurança radiológica que foram enviados a Kwajalein para experiência prática. A unidade consistia inicialmente em cerca de 1.500 homens baseados em terra e em pequenas embarcações variadas, bem como nas seguintes embarcações:

USS Conserver (ARS-39) *
Corrente USS (ARS-22) *
USS Geneva (APA-86) *
USS Haven (AH-12) *
APL-27 *
LCI-329 *
LCI (L) -549 *
LCI (L) -615 *
YF-753 *

Grupo de Tarefas 1.3 (Grupo de Transporte)

O TG 1.3 transportou pessoal e equipamento para o Atol de Biquíni, bem como evacuou o pessoal do Grupo do Navio Alvo. Também forneceu barcos e tripulações para a piscina de barcos, forneceu dois AKAs e dois LSTs para a unidade de construção e transportou e aquartelou a imprensa e observadores. Este grupo de tarefas foi composto por três unidades de tarefa [TU], seus respectivos navios estão listados abaixo.

Unidade de Tarefa 1.3.1 (Grupo de Transporte)

Divisão de Transporte 31 [TRANSDIV 31]

USS Bayfield (APA-33)
USS Bexar (APA-227)
USS Bottineau (APA-235)
USS George Clymer (APA-27)
USS Henrico (APA-45)
USS LST-817
USS LST-881
USS Ottawa (AKA-101)
USS Rockingham (APA-229)
USS Rockwall (APA-230)
USS Rolette (AKA-99)
USS Saint Croix (APA-231)

Unidade de Tarefa 1.3.3 (Unidade de Observação)

USS Blue Ridge (AGC-2)
USS Panamint (AGC-13)

Grupo de Tarefas 1.4 (Grupo Terrestre do Exército)

O TG 1.4 foi responsável por determinar os danos a equipamentos selecionados do Exército expostos a distâncias variadas do ponto de detonação e medir os raios de eficácia de cada detonação. Cada uma das unidades operacionais operacionais tinha equipamento do Exército em certos navios e na Ilha do Biquíni para exposição às detonações nucleares. Cada unidade tinha equipes de inspeção designadas para os navios-alvo e responsáveis ​​por carregar, proteger, manter e inspecionar os itens de teste designados. Essas equipes também instruíram as tripulações de cada navio-alvo com relação aos itens de teste expostos. As equipes deveriam voltar a bordo dos navios após os testes, quando os navios estivessem radiologicamente liberados e seguros para o embarque. O TG 1.4 era composto por uma sede e as seguintes seis unidades de tarefas operacionais [TU]:

TU 1.4.1 (Unidade de Engenharia)
TU 1.4.2 (Unidade de Sinal)
TU 1.4.3 (Unidade de Artilharia)
TU 1.4.4 (Unidade Química)
TU 1.4.5 (Unidade Quartermaster)
TU 1.4.6 (Unidade de Ar)

Grupo de Tarefa 1.5 (Grupo Aéreo do Exército)

TG 1.5, o Grupo Aéreo do Exército, composto por unidades provisórias das Forças Aéreas do Exército, recebeu a missão de lançar a arma ABLE no campo de alvos na Lagoa do Biquíni. Além disso, forneceu aeronaves, instalações e equipes para fotografia, reconhecimento meteorológico, resgate ar-mar, amostragem de nuvens, quedas de manômetro e transporte aéreo. A tabela a seguir lista os números e tipos de aeronaves do Exército usados ​​durante CROSSROADS e suas missões.

1 Superfortress Boeing B-29 (Comando)
1 Superfortress Boeing B-29 (lançamento de bomba)
2 Superfortress Boeing B-29 (queda do manômetro)
2 Superfortress Boeing F-13 (reconhecimento radiológico)
3 Superfortress Boeing B-29 (sobressalente)

2 Douglas C-54 Skymaster (fotográfico)
8 Superfortress Boeing F-13 (fotográfico)

10 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress (amostradores de drones)
6 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress (controladores de drones)

20 Curtiss C-46 Commando (Transporte)
10 Douglas C-54 Skymaster (Transporte)

Esta unidade foi combinada com o TU 1.5.3 antes dos testes ABLE e BAKER.

3 Superfortress Boeing WB-29 (reconhecimento do clima)

2 Superfortress Boeing B-29 (transmissão de rádio, imprensa, observação)
Douglas C-54 Skymaster (emprestado do TU 1.5.4 nos dias de filmagem)

2 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress (resgate aéreo-marítimo)

B-29s e F-13s, que eram B-29s modificados para a fotografia, se misturaram em alguns pontos dos relatos históricos das operações do Grupo Aéreo do Exército. Os totais para cada um mostrado aqui estão corretos para a maioria das contas. O TG 1.5 era composto pelas seguintes 10 unidades de tarefa [TU].

Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.1 (Unidade de Operações Táticas)

O TU 1.5.1 treinou tripulações, preparou o equipamento para os testes, lançou a arma de teste ABLE, configurou o radar de busca aérea na área de Biquíni e forneceu análises de radar de operações de bomba prática. Ele também operou dois B-29s que caíram os medidores de pressão durante cada teste. Além disso, após cada detonação, ele rastreou as nuvens radioativas e amostrou o ar ao redor das nuvens. A unidade estava localizada na Ilha Kwajalein.
Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.2 (Unidade Fotográfica Aérea do Exército)

A TU 1.5.2 conduziu operações fotográficas aéreas e aeronaves equipadas para voos de reconhecimento radiológico. Estava estacionado na Ilha Kwajalein.

Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.3 (Unidade de Instrumentação e Requisitos de Teste)

A TU 1.5.3 e a TU 1.5.6 (Unidade de Drones do Exército) foram combinadas antes do início da operação. Foi responsável por fornecer o drone B-17 e a aeronave controlador do drone B-17 para operações de amostragem de nuvem. A missão do drone exigia que a unidade fornecesse e mantivesse equipamentos especiais para amostragem e operações de controle do drone. Isso incluiu câmeras especiais montadas nos drones. Esta unidade estava localizada na Ilha Enewetak.

Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.4 (Unidade de Transporte Aéreo)

A TU 1.5.4 forneceu transporte aéreo para pessoal, suprimentos e equipamentos entre o Roswell Army Air Field, Novo México e a Área de Teste do Pacífico. Também forneceu serviço de transporte aéreo entre as ilhas Kwajalein, Bikini e Enewetak. Ambos C-46s e C-54s estavam disponíveis. Esta unidade, estacionada na Ilha Kwajalein, foi responsável por ajudar na evacuação da Ilha Enewetak em caso de perigo radiológico para o pessoal daquela ilha.

Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.5 (Unidade de Serviço Aéreo)

A TU 1.5.5 fez a manutenção e manutenção de aeronaves do Exército na Ilha de Kwajalein. Além do pessoal de serviço e manutenção, a unidade de tarefa tinha engenheiros, policiais militares e pessoal de previsão do tempo.

Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.7 (Unidade de Reconhecimento do Clima Aéreo do Exército)

O TU 1.5.7 tinha três aeronaves WB-29 com tripulações treinadas em reconhecimento meteorológico. Ele voou em missões de reconhecimento meteorológico de longo alcance antes de cada teste. Esta unidade estava localizada na Ilha Kwajalein.

Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.8 (Unidade de Orientação Aérea)

TU 1.5.8, com base na Ilha Kwajalein, foi responsável por acomodar visitantes, observadores, imprensa e locutores de notícias. Ele voou esses grupos em dois B-29s e dois C-54 emprestados para testemunhar as detonações do CROSSROADS.

Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.9 (Unidade de Resgate Ar-Mar)

A TU 1.5.9 era inicialmente parte da TU 1.5.3, mas foi feita uma unidade separada antes do início dos testes. Tinha duas aeronaves B-17 (chamadas de & quotDumbos & quot) para resgate ar-mar e fornecia cobertura entre Enewetak e Bikini. A unidade era baseada na Ilha Enewetak.

Unidade de Tarefa 1.5.10 (Sede, Unidade Aérea)

O TU 1.5.10 continha os elementos de comando e estado-maior do TG 1.5. Era baseado na Ilha Kwajalein e operava a sede do grupo de trabalho. Também era conhecido como Hq TG 1.5.

Grupo de Tarefa 1.6 (Grupo da Marinha Aérea)

O TG 1.6 tinha três funções diferentes: avião drone e controle de barco drone, fotografia aérea e transporte de hidroavião. O TG 1.6 era composto por quatro unidades de tarefa [TU]:

TU 1.6.1 (Unidade Portadora de Drone)

USS Charles P. Cecil (DD-835)
USS Furse (DD-882)
USS Newman K. Perry (DD-883)
USS Turner (DD-834)

(Subunidade de Recuperação de Campo da Marinha, Base Aérea Naval Roi-Namur, Kwajalein)

Esquadrão de Desenvolvimento Aéreo 2 (VX-2)

TU 1.6.2 (unidade porta-fotos)

USS Saidor (CVE-117)
Os destróieres de guarda de avião do TE 1.6.12 foram atribuídos.

TU 1.6.3 (Unidade de Hidroavião, Base Aérea Naval de Ebeye Island, Kwajalein)

Esquadrão de patrulha de hidroaviões 32 (VPB-32)
Esquadrão de resgate aéreo 4 (VH-4)
Unidade de Serviço de Aeronaves (Frota) 34 (CASU (F) -34)

TU 1.6.4 (Seaplane Tender, Bikini)

Shangri-La transportou aviões drones e operou na Ilha Roi, Kwajalein, onde um campo de aviação foi usado para pousar e experimentar aviões drones. Entre os testes, Saidor operou da Lagoa do Biquíni com controle de barco drone e equipe de unidade fotográfica a bordo. Exceto nos dias ABLE e BAKER, o Orca estava estacionado em Bikini como terminal e unidade de serviço para transporte de hidroaviões. O navio manteve as pistas do hidroavião e forneceu os serviços de revisão necessários para todos os aviões em serviço de turn-around.

Grupo de Tarefa 1.7 (Grupo de Patrulha de Superfície do Destroyer)

TG 1.7 realizou as seguintes tarefas durante CROSSROADS:

A. Patrulhas radsafe equipadas
B. Ancorou um navio na entrada da lagoa do Atol de Biquíni, exceto quando foi evacuado, e forneceu informações de chegada aos navios de entrada
C. Aconselhou o oficial sênior presente à tona (SOPA) sobre cada chegada e partida da Lagoa do Biquíni
D. Implantei dois contratorpedeiros para atuar como marcadores de aproximação para a aeronave de bombardeio no teste ABLE.

O TG 1.7 era composto por apenas uma unidade de tarefa [TU], TU 1.7.1 (Destroyer Squadron Unit), e continha os seguintes navios:

Destroyer Division 71 [DESDIV 71]

USS Barton (DD-722) (carro-chefe)
USS Laffey (DD-724)
USS Lowry (DD-770)
USS O'Brien (DD-725)
USS Walke (DD-723)

Divisão de Destroyer 72 [DESDIV 72]

USS Allen M. Sumner (DD-692)
USS Ingraham (DD-694)
USS Moale (DD-693)
USS Robert K. Huntington (DD-781)

Grupo de Tarefa 1.8 (Grupo de Serviço)

Este grupo de tarefas tinha as seguintes responsabilidades:
A. Instalações e serviços básicos, incluindo conserto, combustível, água, serviço de correio (USS LST-861), suprimentos gerais, provisões, hospital e recreação (USS LST-388)
B. As funções do comandante da ilha para as áreas terrestres do Atol de Biquíni, como o policiamento de áreas recreativas, a realização de patrulhamento em terra e o controle do tráfego de barcos nos desembarques
C. Serviços de barco
D. Serviços médicos e hospitalares
E. Alojamentos e instalações de laboratório no USS Fulton (AS-11) para o Grupo de Medição de Ondas Oceanográficas
F. Pesquisas de acordo com o Plano de Pesquisa Oceanográfica
G. Construção de acordo com o Plano de Logística
H. Serviço de transporte de LCI entre os atóis de Bikini e Kwajalein
I. Evacuação da população do Atol de Rongerik, se necessário.

O TG 1.8 era composto pelas seguintes seis unidades de tarefa [TU]:

TU 1.8.1 (Unidade de reparo e serviço)

USS Ajax (AR-6)
ARD-29
ATA-124
ATA-187
USS Cebu (ARG-6)
USS Chikaskia (AO-54)
USS Chowanoc (ATF-100)
USS Coasters Harbor (AG-74)
USS Creon (ARL-11)
USS Dixie (AD-14) (carro-chefe)
USS Enoree (AO-69)
USS Fulton (AS-11)
USS Hesperia (AKS-13)
Limestone USS (IX-158)
USS LST-388
USS LST-861
USS Munsee (ATF-107)
USS Phaon (ARB-3)
USS Pollux (AKS-4)
Quartzo USS (IX-150)
USS Severn (AO-61)
USS Sioux (ATF-75)
USS Sphinx (ARL-24)
USS Telamon (ARB-8)
USS Tombigbee (AOG-11)
USS Wenatchee (ATF-118)
USS Wildcat (AW-2)
YC-1009
YF-385
YF-733
YF-734
YF-735
YF-752
YF-753
YF-754
YF-990
YF-991
YF-992
YO-132
YO-199
YOG-63
YOG-70
YW-92

TU 1.8.3 (Despachar Barco e Piscina de Barco)

USS Gunston Hall (LSD-5)
LCI (L) -977
LCI (L) -1062
LCI (L) -1067
LCI (L) -1091
LCT-1361
LCT-1461
PGM-23
PGM-24
PGM-25
PGM-29
PGM-31
PGM-32
USS Presque Isle (APB-44)
USS San Marcos (LSD-25)

Benevolência USS (AH-13)
USS Bountiful (AH-9)

USS Bowditch (AGS-4)
USS James M. Gillis (AGS-13)
USS John Blish (AGS-10)
YMS-354
YMS-358
YMS-413
YP-636

53RD Batalhão de Construção (mais tarde, Destacamento do Batalhão de Construção 1156)

TU 1.8.7 (Unidade de Evacuação Rongerik)

Organização e Atividades Pós-Operação

Depois de 7 de setembro, todas as atividades de pesquisa e construção em Bikini foram rapidamente encerradas, e o atol foi evacuado em 26 de setembro de 1946. Após uma reunião na Costa Oeste de 17 a 20 de setembro sobre procedimentos de descontaminação, alguns oficiais da JTF 1 foram ordenados ao serviço temporário sob o Comandante da Fronteira do Mar Ocidental para acompanhar e coordenar a descontaminação, monitoramento e liberação de navios expostos. Em 24 de setembro, em uma carta conjunta, o Bureau de Navios e o Bureau de Medicina e Cirurgia assumiram a responsabilidade de dar as autorizações radiológicas finais dos navios e prescrever procedimentos detalhados de descontaminação e liberação. A JTF 1 foi formalmente dissolvida em 1º de novembro e seu sucessor foi um comitê de Chefes de Estado-Maior (JCS), o Comitê Conjunto CROSSROADS, cuja tarefa era supervisionar as atividades de teste finais, publicar os relatórios finais e supervisionar a Operação de Reanálise de Biquínis do verão de 1947 .


Fotografias de edifícios antigosEm Suncook, NH

Direitos autorais Este site, www.rbs0.com, incluindo cada uma das minhas páginas da web e cada uma das minhas fotografias, é minha propriedade pessoal. Cada uma de minhas fotos aqui, e também meu texto, é protegida pela lei de direitos autorais e pelos meus termos de serviço contratuais. Por favor, aprecie olhar minhas fotos no meu site, mas não copie minhas fotos ou meu texto e não os exiba em outro lugar.

Índice

  1. Three Mills (Pembroke Mill, Webster Mill, China Mill)

Introdução

Esta página da web exibe algumas das minhas fotos de edifícios antigos em ou perto de Suncook, New Hampshire (NH), e apresenta fatos e links para outras páginas da web sobre esses sites.

Suncook foi fundada como uma cidade no ano de 1728. Agora, Suncook Village é legalmente parte de Pembroke, NH, que foi fundada em 1759.

Para viajar de Concord, NH para Suncook, NH, pegue a US Highway 3 (chamada "Manchester St." em Concord) para Pembroke. Em Pembroke, vire à direita na Broadway. Broadway termina na Main Street. Vire à direita na Main Street para ir para o centro de Suncook. A Main Street cruza o rio Suncook e também é chamada de Main Street em Allenstown.

A cidade de Allenstown ocupa o lado sul do rio Suncook por cerca de 3 milhas ao longo do NH28. A parte de Allenstown do outro lado do rio de Suncook era anteriormente (por exemplo, mapa topográfico do USGS para o ano de 1921) chamada de vila de Blodgett.

O Censo de 2010 mostra um total de 5379 pessoas que vivem em Suncook, Pembroke e Allenstown, NH.


Observação sobre minhas fotografias: para fazer com que esta página da web carregue mais rápido, converti os arquivos de alta qualidade de 4608 e # 215 3072 pixels da minha câmera digital para arquivos de qualidade média de 480 e # 215 320 pixels. Para preservar a fidelidade dos dados, não fiz nenhum ajuste de exposição ou cor com software. Todas as minhas fotografias têm a data no formato dia / mês / ano carimbada pela câmera, mas a data pode ser removida se eu cortar a fotografia.

Mills

  • serrarias,
  • moinhos para transformar grãos em farinha,
  • moinhos para levar algodão ou lã e produzir tecido
  • moinhos para a produção de papel.

Pembroke Mill

A fábrica de Pembroke mostrada aqui foi construída no ano de 1860, no local de duas fábricas têxteis anteriores. Na década de 1950, este prédio era propriedade da Emerson, e o atual proprietário o chama de "Emerson Mills". Desde 1985, o antigo edifício Pembroke Mill é um condomínio com apartamentos. Pembroke Mill está localizado na 100 Main Street em Suncook, próximo à ponte que conduz a Main Street através do rio Suncook.

Vista ampla do moinho de Pembroke construindo a partir da ponte sobre o rio Suncook. A cúpula faz parte de um prédio diferente, localizado atrás do Moinho Pembroke.

Vista do rio próximo ao edifício Pembroke Mill, visto da ponte sobre o rio Suncook.

Webster Mill

O moinho Webster foi construído em 1865 e fica a montante do moinho Pembroke. O Webster Mill queimou em 1983, mas sua barragem permanece. Quando visitei em agosto de 2011, arbustos e árvores haviam coberto a maior parte do antigo local da fábrica de Webster. Existem agora novos prédios de apartamentos localizados na Mill Falls Street, em ou perto do antigo local de Webster Mills.

China Mill

A China Mill foi construída em 1868 no lado sul do rio Suncook, na 25 Canal Street em Blodgett Village, que agora é Allenstown. O edifício tem um comprimento de 155 metros (510 pés) e uma largura de 22 metros (72 pés). Quando visitei em agosto de 2011, havia uma cerca de arame ao redor desta fábrica com placas de "proibido invadir", então tirei minhas fotos da estrada de entrada. Não fui capaz de me afastar o suficiente do prédio para mostrar o prédio inteiro em uma fotografia.

Vista da extremidade leste da fábrica da China. Para ter uma noção de escala, observe a mulher saindo pela entrada sob o sinal violeta do atual proprietário da China Mill, Perfect Fit Industries.

Fotografia de duas cúpulas sentadas no chão em agosto de 2011.

Vista da fábrica da China. As cúpulas foram removidas das duas torres quadradas mostradas nesta fotografia.

Centro da cidade

O bloco na 48 Glass Street e o distrito comercial (116-161 Main Street 1 e 9-15 Glass Street) estão listados no National Register of Historic Places.

Um marco histórico do estado de New Hampshire em Suncook, NH diz: As águas do rio Suncook foram aproveitadas na década de 1730, eventualmente abastecendo serras e moinhos de grãos, forjas e fábricas de papel. A primeira fábrica de algodão, de propriedade do major Caleb Stark, foi construída aqui em 1811. Em 1900, Pembroke Mill, Webster Mill e China Mill empregavam mais de 1.500 trabalhadores, a maioria recrutados na província de Quebec, para fazer 35 milhões de jardas de algodão pano a cada ano. O centro comercial de Suncook, construído com tijolos e granito nativos, atingiu sua aparência atual em 1886. É uma das pequenas vilas manufatureiras mais bem preservadas de New Hampshire. NH Historical Marker Nr. 187. Waymarking.com

Escolas

Prédio da velha escola na Main Street, concluído no ano de 1873, no cruzamento da [Chester] Turnpike Street, em Suncook. Desde 1951, este edifício é o edifício Pembroke Water Works. Relatório sobre este edifício em fevereiro de 2005.

Fotografia do prédio da velha escola na 30 High Street (na interseção das High Street e Maple Streets) em Suncook, NH. Agora chamada de "Pembroke Village School", embora esteja localizada em Suncook. O prédio foi construído no ano de 1907.

No ano letivo de 2010-2011, aproximadamente 930 alunos em Suncook, Pembroke, Allenstown, Chichester e Epsom frequentaram o ensino médio na Pembroke Academy, no lado sul da Academy Road, próximo à rodovia US3 (chamada "Pembroke Street"). Este edifício original foi concluído no ano de 1818, mas queimou em incêndios em 1900 e 1936. A data de 1818 no edifício atual refere-se à fundação da Academia, não à construção do edifício atual.

Ferrovias em Suncook

Quando visitei em agosto de 2011, os depósitos de passageiros e carga na Exchange Street em Suncook já haviam sido demolidos.

Antiga ponte em arco de pedra, sobre a Keystone Lane, no canto sudoeste de Suncook. Um mapa da cidade de Pembroke identifica esta ponte como transportando os trilhos da ferrovia. O Memorial Field fica do outro lado da ponte.

    A ferrovia de Portsmouth and Concord tinha trilhos de Portsmouth, NH para o leste até Suncook, NH e continuando para Concord, NH, com serviço iniciado em 1852. Esta linha foi propriedade da Boston & amp Maine Railroad desde o final de 1800 até o serviço ser descontinuado em janeiro de 1935 .

Também existe uma página anônima em: Suncook Valley Railroad.

Remnants of Boston & amp Maine Railroad, website de T. Zabek.

Veja também o livro de John C. Hutchins, The Blueberry Express & # 8212 A History of the Suncook Valley Railroad, Flying Yankee Enterprises, 113 pp. (1985).

Links

Sites de cidades de Pembroke (Pembroke inclui a vila de Suncook) e Allenstown (lado sul do rio Suncook).

A biblioteca de Pembroke fica na Rodovia 3 dos Estados Unidos, em Pembroke. A biblioteca de Allenstown fica em 59 Main St., do outro lado do rio de Suncook.

Quando eu olhei em julho de 2011, nem Pembroke nem Allenstown tinham um site para sua sociedade histórica.

    Mapa de edifícios históricos de outubro de 2004 em Suncook, escala 1: 7200.


یواس‌اس سانکوک (ای‌ان -۸۰)

یواس‌اس سانکوک (ای‌ان -۸۰) (به انگلیسی: USS Suncook (AN-80)) یک کشتی بود که طول آن 168 '6 "بود.

یواس‌اس سانکوک (ای‌ان -۸۰)
پیشینه
مالک
آغاز کار: ۱۶ فوریه ۱۹۴۵
مشخصات اصلی
وزن: 775 toneladas
درازا: 168' 6"
پهنا: 33' 10"
آبخور: 10' 10"
سرعت: 12,3 nós

این یک مقالهٔ خرد کشتی یا قایق است. می‌توانید با گسترش آن به ویکی‌پدیا کمک کنید.


Em 1982, o Canada Act foi aprovado pelo parlamento britânico e recebeu o consentimento real da Rainha Elizabeth II em 29 de março. Lei Constitucional foi aprovado pelo parlamento canadense e recebeu o consentimento real da Rainha em 17 de abril, patrocinando assim o Constituição do canadá, and marking one of Trudeau's last major acts before his resignation in 1984. Previously, the constitution has existed only as an act of British parliament, and the documents remained there. Canada had established complete sovereignty as an independent country, with the Queen's role as monarch of Canada separate from her role as the British monarch or the monarch of any of the other Commonwealth realms. [1]

At the same time, the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms was added in place of the previous Canadian Bill of Rights. Some of the negotiations between provincial and federal leaders, specifically those concerning the so-called Notwithstanding Clause, had failed to include Quebec Premier René Lévesque. Resentment over this "stab in the back" led to attempts to veto the constitution, which were ultimately ruled out. [2]

On June 23, 1985, Air India Flight 182 exploded while at an altitude of 31,000 feet (9,400 m) above the Atlantic Ocean, south of Ireland all 329 on board were killed, of whom 82 were children and 280 were Canadian citizens. Up until September 11, 2001, the Air India bombing was the single deadliest terrorist attack involving aircraft. It is also the largest mass murder in Canadian history.

Brian Mulroney came to power in the 1984 election, and quickly restored friendlier relations with the United States, which had been strained during Trudeau's time as Prime Minister. Prime Minister Mulroney's major focus was the establishment of free trade with the US, a very controversial topic. Eventually, the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement was signed in January 1988.

Mulroney also worked to appease the sovereignty movement in Quebec. In 1987, he attempted to draft the Meech Lake Accord, amending the 1982 constitution so that it would be acceptable to Quebec, which had not yet signed it. However, the Meech Lake Accord failed to be ratified by all provinces.

In 1989, the Progressive Conservative government of Prime Minister Mulroney proposed the creation of a national sales tax on goods and services (GST). The proposal was an instant controversy a large proportion of the Canadian population was irritated and disapproved of the tax. Despite protests from the other parties and even members of Mulroney's own caucus, the GST was introduced on January 1, 1991. The political ramifications of the GST were severe. It contributed to the Mulroney government becoming one of the least popular in Canadian history.

On December 6, 1989, Marc Lépine entered the École Polytechnique in Montreal. He went into an engineering class, separated the men from the women, forced out the men at gunpoint, began to scream about how he hated feminists, and then opened fire on the women. Lépine continued his rampage in other parts of the building, opening fire on other women he encountered. He killed 14 women (13 students and one employee of the university) and injured thirteen others before committing suicide. The massacre profoundly shocked Canadians. The Quebec government and the Montreal city government declared three days of mourning.

Initial news reports did not note that all 14 victims were women. When Lépine's motive became clear, the event served as a massive spur for the Canadian feminist movement and for action against violence against women. In 1991 Parliament officially designated December 6 as the National Day of Remembrance and Action on Violence Against Women.

o Oka Crisis was a land dispute between the Mohawk nation and the town of Oka, Quebec which began on July 11, 1990, and lasted until September 26, 1990. It resulted in three deaths, and would be the first of a number of violent conflicts between Indigenous people and the Canadian Government in the late 20th century.

Canada was one of the first nations to agree to condemn Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait, and promptly agreed to join the US-led coalition. When the UN authorized the full use of force in the 1991 Gulf War, Canada sent three warships, two CF18 fighter squadrons and field hospital with support personnel. This was the first time since the Korean War that its forces had participated in combat operations. Canada suffered no casualties during the conflict, but since its end, many veterans have complained of suffering from Gulf War Syndrome.

On January 1, 1991, the Goods and Services Tax (GST) legislation became effective. [3] This decision was particularly controversial because Prime Minister Mulroney lacked the sufficient votes in the Senate to pass the legislation enabling the tax, as the Senate had a Liberal majority and who refused to support the legislation. [4] Mulroney bypassed the Liberal majority by invoking section 26 of the Constitution Act, 1867 and appointing 8 new Senators with support of Queen Elizabeth II, creating a Progressive Conservative Senate majority. [5] While originally intended to be set at 9%, the rate was lowered to 7%.

1992 Atlantic Cod Moratorium Edit

In 1992 Prime Minister Brian Mulroney's Fisheries and Oceans Minister John Crosbie declared a moratorium on the northwestern Atlantic cod fishery, which had dominated the Newfoundland and Labrador economy for 500 years and provided sustenance for generations of residents. The moratorium was declared after cod biomass levels dropped to 1% of its historical level. [6] The moratorium resulted in a loss of 35,000 jobs in 400 coastal communities in Newfoundland and Labrador, the largest one day job loss in Canadian history. [7]

The failure of the Meech Lake Accord and the animosity towards Prime Minister Brian Mulroney, his government and his Goods and Services Tax (GST) played a significant role in the defeat of the 1992 referendum on the Charlottetown Accord, another package of proposed constitutional amendments. These setbacks, along with the deep recession of the late 1980s and early 1990s forced Mulroney to resign in 1993. He was replaced, albeit only briefly from June to November 1993, by Kim Campbell, Canada's first, and so far only female Prime Minister.

Jean Chrétien became prime minister in the 1993 election, pledging to repeal the GST, although this proved unfeasible due to the economic circumstances at the time (or, apparently, any time during his prime ministership, showing the new source of income was needed, as the outgoing Progressive Conservative party had claimed). [ neutrality is disputed] By 1995, however, Canada had eliminated the federal deficit, becoming the only G7 country to have a budget surplus.

Some of the problems faced by the Chrétien government included the debate over the universal health care system, as well as military spending, which Chrétien's government decreased significantly throughout its term. Canada did not play as large a role in United Nations peacekeeping as it once had, and Chrétien faced some criticism for not participating in the 2003 invasion of Iraq, most notably from Opposition Leader Stephen Harper and the United States government. However, with the mounting criticisms about the false pretences for that war and the United States' troubled occupation of Iraq, Chrétien was hailed for keeping the nation out of the affair. The value of the Canadian dollar was greatly weakened during Chrétien's time as Prime Minister, dropping as low at 67 cents although in 2003, it regained about 20% of its value during the year due to the declining economic situation in the United States—such a dramatic climb that industry leaders worried that the high currency would harm exports.

The Turbot War Edit

The "Turbot War" of 1990 was an international fishing dispute between Canada and the European Union which ended in the Canadian Department of Fisheries and Oceans boarding a Spanish fishing trawler, the Estai, in international waters and arresting its crew. Canada claimed that European Union factory fishing trawlers were illegally overfishing the nose and tail of the Grand Banks, just outside Canada's declared 200 nautical mile (370 km) Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). [8]

The Spanish ship's crew had been using a net with a mesh size that was smaller than permitted (larger mesh sizes permit juvenile fish to escape and grow). The 17-story net was shipped to New York City and hung from a crane on the East River where federal Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, Brian Tobin called an international press conference outside the United Nations headquarters. [9] Spain never denied that the net was from the Estai but continued to protest Canada's use of "extra-territorial force". The Spanish government asked the International Court of Justice in The Hague, Netherlands for leave to hear a case claiming Canada had no right to arrest the Estai. However, the court later refused the case. [10]

The 1995 Quebec referendum Edit

In October 1995, Canada faced its second Quebec referendum on sovereignty. The federal Bloc Québécois and the provincial Parti Québécois favoured separation from Canada. Federalists rallied to keep Quebec as part of Canada and claimed the referendum question ("Do you agree that Quebec should become sovereign after having made a formal offer to Canada for a new economic and political partnership within the scope of the bill respecting the future of Quebec and of the agreement signed on June 12, 1995?") was vague and confusing. After large campaigns from both the "'oui" e "não" sides, the referendum was defeated by the narrowest of margins: a victory for those opposed to secession, with 50.58% of the vote. [11]

Creation of Nunavut Edit

In April 1982, a majority of Northwest Territories residents voted in favour of a division of the area, and the federal government gave a conditional agreement seven months later. After a long series of land claim negotiations between the Inuit Tapirisat of Canada and the federal government (begun earlier in 1976), an agreement was reached in September 1992. In June 1993, the Nunavut Land Claims Agreement Act e a Nunavut Act [12] were passed by the Canadian Parliament, and the transition to the new territory of Nunavut was completed on April 1, 1999.

Peacekeeping Edit

After the end of the Cold War, the frequency of international peacekeeping missions and humanitarian interventions grew dramatically and Canadian participation grew along with it. In the 1990s, Canadians were active in United Nations peacekeeping missions in Western Sahara, Cambodia, the former Yugoslavia, Haiti, East Timor and Sierra Leone. During the US-led humanitarian mission to Somalia in 1993, Canadian soldiers tortured a Somali teenager to death, leading to the Somalia Affair. Following an inquiry, the elite Canadian Airborne Regiment was disbanded and the reputation of the Canadian Forces suffered within Canada.

Following the resignation of Prime Minister Chrétien at the end of 2003, Canadian Auditor General Sheila Fraser released a report in February 2004 which revealed that $100 million was mishandled by government officials in the purchasing of advertisements under the Chrétien government. [13] The opposition was quick to make charges of corruption in what become known as the Sponsorship Scandal.

Owing in large part to the scandal, the Liberal Party (by this time, led by Paul Martin) lost its majority in the 2004 election, but was able to form a minority government. The 38th Canadian Parliament successfully passed the Civil Marriage Act, legalizing same-sex marriage in Canada, despite the opposition of the newly formed Conservative Party of Canada. Ultimately, the Liberals fell to a motion of no confidence in November 2005, leading to another election after only two years.

Stephen Harper's Conservatives were able to secure minority governments in the 2006 and 2008 federal elections. In December 2008, a parliamentary dispute began when the Liberal leader Stéphane Dion and the New Democratic Party leader Jack Layton announced an agreement to form a coalition government with the support of the Bloc Québécois if they were successful in ousting the Conservative minority government in a confidence vote. Governor General Michaëlle Jean, however, granted the Conservatives' request to prorogue parliament until January 26, 2009, thereby avoiding the confidence vote.

The succession of minority governments ended on May 2, 2011 when Stephen Harper and his Conservative party won the 41st Canadian federal election with a majority of seats (166 of a total of 308 seats) over Jack Layton's New Democratic Party (which formed the official opposition, with 103 seats, after winning all but four of the seats formerly held by the Bloc Québécois in Quebec and making gains elsewhere in Canada) while the Liberals under Michael Ignatieff finished third for the first time in that party's history, with 34 seats.

On October 19, 2015, Canada's 42nd general federal election [14] was held. [15] The Liberal Party won 39.5% of the popular vote and 184 seats in the House of Commons, with Justin Trudeau elected Prime Minister. [16] In 2019, allegations that the Trudeau government was putting pressure on then-Attorney General Jody Wilson-Raybould were reported by The Globe and Mail. [17] This became known as the SNC-Lavalin affair. [18] Despite this, Trudeau managed to win the 2019 federal election, though with a minority of seats. [19]


The Suncook Valley Sun News Archive is Maintained by Modern Concepts. We are NOT affliated in any way with the Suncook Valley Sun Newspaper.

Come and sing, dance and play with Miss Kim! Miss Kim s Music Makers is now accepting registrations for a 4 week children s music class, DANCE WITH ME, in Pittsfield from April 10-May 1, 2010, from 11:00 a.m.-noon on Saturday mornings. Classes will be held at the Pittsfield Youth Workshop on Park St. Cost for the 4 weeks is $34.00. Please call 822-2694 or email [email protected] .net to register your child by April 3. Class size is limited to 10 children, so register early to secure a spot.

Celebrating Birthdays are: March 18, Tessie Gadwah, Shane Clark, Rick Bleckmann.
A Very Happy Birthday To One And All!

Best Wishes to Mr. and Mrs. Christopher Briggs who will celebrate their Wedding Anniversary on March 17th.

The Pittsfield Boys and Girls Basketball Programs would like to thank The Pittsfield Police Association for their continued support in sponsoring the Granite State Conference Basketball Tournament. Without their help and support this tournament might not be held in Pittsfield. The Association has sponsored this tournament for 9 years now and has had a big impact on many Pittsfield Youth in our community. Their support is very much appreciated.

Lions are everywhere.
Lions have a dynamic history.
Lions give sight.
Lions serve youth.

Lions Club International is the world s largest service club organization.

Come learn more about the Pittsfield/Barnstead Lions Club March 23rd at 5:30 p.m. Meeting to be held at Pittsfield ID, 55 Barnstead Road, Pittsfield. All are welcome.

For more information, call Alice at 435-6767, www.lionsclubs.org

School Lunch Menus
March 22-26, 2010

CHICHESTER
Monday - Homemade cheese or pepperoni pizza, Caesar salad, fresh fruit, milk.
Tuesday - Shepherd s pie, green beans, fresh fruit, milk.
Wednesday - Max cheese sticks, baked fries, corn, Baker s choice, milk.
Thursday - Hamburger with roll, smiley fries, veggie, pears, milk.
Friday - Hot dog with roll, Doritos, veggies, peaches, milk.

PMHS
Monday - Tuna, egg or ham/cheese, lettuce, tomato, bread, fruit, milk.
Tuesday - Meatball subs, cheese, veggies, fruit, milk.
Wednesday - Mac & cheese, chopped ham, peas, bread, fruit, milk.
Thursday - Chicken patties, roll, lettuce, tomato, fruit, milk.
Friday - Cheeseburgers, roll, chips, pickle, fruit, milk.

PES
Monday - Chicken sandwich, veggie, fruit, milk.
Tuesday - Hot dog with bun, veggie, fruit, milk.
Wednesday - Spaghetti with meatballs, veggie, fruit, milk.
Thursday - Taco salad with lettuce, tomato, salsa, fruit, milk.
Friday - Pizza, veggie, fruit, milk.

Dr. and Mrs. Anthony Fritzler

Liberty Jennifer Elliott, daughter of Robert and Emma Reed Elliott of Pittsfield, NH, was married to Anthony Thomas Fritzler, MD, son of Cindy English of Dryden, Michigan and Thomas Fritzler of Lewiston, Michigan at 5 p.m. on June 28th.


Officiating at the outside double ring ceremony at the Dell-Lea Country Club in Chichester, NH, was Pastor Carl Tiner, a family friend from Allen, Texas. While the processional Canon in D by Pachelbel was played by a violin, flute and cello ensemble made up of family friends, Liberty was given in marriage by both of her parents. Liberty wore a white wedding gown with a jeweled bodice and a shoulder length veil carrying a bouquet of red and pink roses and white and pink peonies. I Will Be Here by Stephen Curtis Chapman was sung by family friends, John and Jean Barry.
Bridal attendants were Joy Elliott, sister of the bride, Nicole Hotchkiss, sister of the groom, Jessica King, cousin of the bride and Shannon Conley Dungan, cousin of the bride. The Bridesmaids wore pink V-neckline tea length dresses with side-tie sashes and carried bouquets of pink and red roses and pink and white peonies.

Groomsmen were Thomas Fritzler, father of the groom, Jedidiah Elliott, brother of the bride, Reed Edelman, cousin of the groom, and Ron Hunyady, uncle of the groom.

Their wedding cake was decorated by family friends, Shirley Jean of Litchfield and Elaine Cates of Epsom. Sound was provided by family friends, Henriette and Dennis Schwab of Pittsfield.

Following the ceremony was a reception at the country club for 70 guests. With sparklers, the guests sent Dr. and Mrs. Fritzler on their honeymoon up the coast of Maine.


The bride was homeschooled from K-12 and is a 2005 graduate from the University of New Hampshire with a BS in Biology and then completed a one-year MBA degree, also at UNH. She has finished her third year in medical school at the University of Toledo College of Medicine and is planning to receive her MD degree in June of 2011, and then plans to do her residency in psychiatry.


Tony graduated from Dryden High School in Michigan and is a 2003 graduate from the University of Michigan with a BS in Pharmaceutical Sciences. He then attended Wayne State University School of Medicine in Detroit, MI, and graduated in 2007 with an MD degree. HE completed a General Medicine Internship at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit and is currently working as an anesthesiology resident at the University of Vermont. When finished, in July 2011, he will do a one year fellowship at the University of Michigan, specializing in pediatric anesthesiology.

Contacting The Spirit World

On Thursday evening, March 18 at Pittsfield Historical Society Headquarters on Elm Street, Larry Berkson will discuss the remarkable story of Pittsfield s Warren Chase. Mr. Chase was one of the Nineteenth Century s most renowned leaders in the belief that the spirits of our ancestors exist and can be contacted. He argued that there was scientific evidence to support his belief and spent over 40 years lecturing and teaching the subject.

Come and hear more about his beliefs and the man who knew personally Abraham Lincoln, John A. Logan, and Stephen A. Douglas, among other luminaries of his time, and was a personal friend of Horace Greeley, the presidential candidate in 1872.

Secretary Seeks Fast Track To Process Claims
Focus On 200,000 Veterans Expected To File Claims Under New Agent Orange
Presumptives Over Next Two Years
Submitted By Merrill A. Vaughan
Commander, American Legion Peterson-Cram Post 75


The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) announced recently an aggressive new initiative to solicit private-sector input on a proposed fast track Veterans claims process for service-connected presumptive illnesses due to Agent Orange exposure during the Vietnam War.

This will be a new way of doing business and a major step forward in how we process the presumptive claims we expect to receive over the next two years, Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric K. Shinseki said.


With the latest, fastest, and most reliable technology, VA hopes to migrate the manual processing of these claims to an automated process that meets the needs of today s Veterans in a more timely manner.

Over the next two years, about 200,000 Veterans are expected to file disability compensation claims under an historic expansion of three new presumptive illnesses announced last year by Secretary Shinseki. They affect Veterans who have Parkinson s disease, ischemic heart disease and B-cell leukemias.

In practical terms, Veterans who served in Vietnam during the war and who have one of the illnesses covered by the presumption of service connection don t have to prove an association between their medical problems and military service. This presumption makes it easier for Vietnam Veterans to access disability compensation benefits. Vietnam Veterans are encouraged to submit their claims as soon as possible to begin the important process of compensation.

Along with the publication of proposed regulations for the three new presumptives this spring, VA intends to publish a formal request in Federal Business Opportunities for private-sector corporations to propose automated solutions for the parts of the claims process that take the longest amount of time. VA believes these can be collected in a more streamlined and accurate way.

Development involves determining what additional information is needed to adjudicate the claim, such as military and private medical records and the scheduling of medical examinations.


With this new approach, VA expects to shorten the time it takes to gather evidence, which now takes on average over 90 days. Once the claim is fully developed and all pertinent information is gathered, VA will be able to more quickly decide the claim and process the award, if granted.

The contract is expected to be awarded in April with proposed solutions offered to VA within 90 days. Implementation of the solution is expected within 150 days.

Veterans whose health was harmed during their military service are entitled to the best this nation has to offer, added Secretary Shinseki. We are undertaking an unprecedented modernization of our claims process to ensure timely and accurate delivery of that commitment.

Last year, VA received more than one million claims for disability compensation and pension. VA provides compensation and pension benefits to over 3.8 million Veterans and beneficiaries. Presently, the basic monthly rate of compensation ranges from $123 to $2,673 to Veterans without any dependents.

Disability compensation is a non-taxable, monthly monetary benefit paid to Veterans who are disabled as a result of an injury or illness that was incurred or aggravated during active military service.

For more information about disability compensation, go to www.va.gov.

Additional information about Agent Orange and VA s services and programs for Veterans exposed are available at www.publichealth.va.gov/exposures/agentorange

Carta
Almost doesn t count.

Here are two numbers to think about: 19 and 3.

Nineteen is the percentage of Pittsfield s 2,746 registered voters who exercised their right to vote in the town s March 9th elections.

Three is the number of votes that decided the second Board of Selectmen position. THREE VOTES separated the winner from a WRITE-IN CANDIDATE!

Two days before our election, the people of Iraq risked their lives to vote in their democratic election. Thirty-six people were killed in the days leading up to their election. Of the 18 Iraqi provinces, the province with the lowest turnout still saw a 50% turnout and one province actually had an 80% turnout. At the end of that day, 64% of the Iraqi people defied death threats, went outside, and simply voted.

In Pittsfield, 522 people voted. I don t know how many people almost voted.

Three votes decided a three-year selectman position.

Everyone s vote counts. Almost doesn t count.

God Bless Our Troops,
Rachel Wood
Pittsfield

What s Up at PYW?
By Paula Driscoll

This year s Winterfest has come and gone, leaving all of us at PYW (Pittsfield Youth Workshop) feeling a little sad. It rained, the wind blew, we lost power and many of the Winterfest activities had to be cancelled. We were fortunate that we didn t have to cancel any of the PYW trips. The youth are back in school and we have had more then a week to regroup and communicate about all the wonderful experiences we had.

On Monday was Drop-In from 2-6 p.m. with lots of entertaining activities and movies. Our first trip was held on Tuesday, February 23rd, with a trip to Hilltop Fun Center for a few games of laser tag, arcades and a stop at McDonalds. I want to thank Stephanie Lamere for volunteering on that trip while I was away.


On Wednesday was drop-in from 2-6 p.m. with many fun games to play. Thursday, we hosted Drop-In from 2-6 p.m. and then as the wind blew and the power flickered we held a dance at the PMHS from 7-9:30 p.m. With music provided by Nazzy Entertainment, the PMHS gymnasium was filled with dancers and non-dancers alike, all of which appeared to be having loads of fun. With help from volunteers, the PYW Youth Board Store was set up outside the gym and provided concessions to all in attendance. It was a very successful and enjoyable evening.


On Friday, many of us climbed aboard the PYW van while others followed us in their cars and took a trip to Pats Peak Ski Resort for a day of snow tubing. It was cloudy and started to rain but not before we had hours of snow tubing excitement.


The week ended when we loaded up in the HA Marston school bus. It was full of PYW youth participants, families and friends from the community. Then we headed to the Verizon Wireless Arena to watch the Manchester Monarchs Ice Hockey team take on the Albany River Rats. It was a great game even if we lost (by three). Thanks, to our bus driver, Tom Marston.

Between the trips and Drop-Ins the Winterfest week proved to be a week of fun and enthusiasm. Thank you to the Pittsfield Parks and Recreation Committee for sponsoring such a successful week for PYW and the rest of the Pittsfield Community. Thank you also to the many volunteers who helped at PYW throughout the week. As always, feel free to visit PYW during our Drop-In hours Monday through Friday from 3-6 pm.

Keep an eye out for our Spring 2010 newsletter with an updated calendar of trips and special events. See you all soon!

I thought he was with you! Turtle Beach Hotel is not your typical vacation getaway. Join The Pittsfield Players as they present Hotbed Hotel March 26 and 27 at 8 PM, March 29 at 2 PM, and April 2 and 3 at 8 PM. Tickets, $12, are available at the door, by calling the box office for reservations (603) 435-8852 or online at www.pittsfieldplayers.com.

9th Annual Granite State JV Basketball Tournament
Sponsored By The Pittsfield Police Association

The Pittsfield Girls and Boys Junior Varsity Basketball Teams took part in The 9th Annual Granite State Conference Basketball Tournament sponsored by the Pittsfield Police Association. This year s tournament featured teams from 8 surrounding High Schools.

In the girls tournament, the Pittsfield JV Girls ran into a tough experienced Wilton team and captured the runner up trophy. Three Pittsfield girls were selected to the All-Tournament Team. Sage Anthony was selected to the second team, while Jen Tyrell and Bekah Adams were selected to the first team.

The Pittsfield Boys entered the JV tournament with a 15-1 regular season record. Pittsfield defeated Sunapee and Derryfield to advance to the finals. In the Championship, Pittsfield met up with Newmarket. These two teams split in their first two meetings in the regular season, with both games being decided by a total of 3 points. The same stayed true in this exciting championship game with Pittsfield defeating New Market 45-43 with a game winning shot by Ryan Perras with just under 5 seconds left in regulation. With the victory Pittsfield captured the title of 2009-2010 Granite State Champions. Pittsfield had three players named to the All-Tournament Team. Ryan Perras, Bobby Lebel, and Domonic Brooks were named to the 1st team. The MVP of the tournament was given to sophomore Ryan Perras who lead the Panthers to the Championship and scored 16 points including the game winner in the final game.

I would like to thank all the people who voted for me in the School District election. I am very excited to start working with the School Board and serving the people of Pittsfield in this capacity. I have had the opportunity to get to know the School Board members by attending the meetings since January and I m proud to be part of the team. They are to be commended for doing a great job with managing the district.


I would also like to thank all the people who ran for public office. Please accept my congratulations to all who were elected and my regrets to all who were defeated. If you are willing to run and serve the town there can be no losers!

God bless our country,
Clayton Wood

At a recent PTO meeting we were joined by a woman 40 minutes into the meeting. I think she was upset with what we were doing, but I m not sure why. I believe she has concerns and questions about what we do. It was hard to address them because I felt like we were being verbally attacked for how we do things and because we didn t grow up here in town.

It is very disheartening to me to think that some of our community would think that we are doing any harm. I believe we are a great group of people who have the best intentions to help the children in this community.

Some of us may not have been raised in this town but I believe we all want to do good things for the children in this town. We have no political agenda and only want to better the school community.

The PTO is an organization that raises money for the school community. We help with school activities, and we organize other events as well such as the BBQ, Breakfast with Santa and many other great things.

We hold a meeting once a month in the PES library at 7:00 p.m. We welcome anyone to join us and share their thoughts and ideas. If you would like to get email updates and be more informed on what we are doing please feel free to contact me at [email protected] .

Letter To The Editor

To The people Of Pittsfield,
I wish to thank those of you who elected me for the Ethics Committee. I will continue to do my best, to be fair in my actions that the People of Pittsfield expect from the Ethics Committee.

Again, thank you for your vote of confidence for me to fill this vital position of responsibility.

Merrill A. Vaughan
Pittsfield

VA Targets $39 Million For Homeless Veterans
Women, Tribal Services Are Special Priorities
Submitted By Merrill A. Vaughan
Commander,
American Legion Peterson Cram Post

The Department of Veterans Affairs is allocating $39 million to fund about 2,200 new transitional housing beds through grants to local providers.

VA is committed to ending the cycle of homelessness among Veterans, said Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric K. Shinseki. We will use every tool at our disposal - health care, education, jobs, safe housing - to ensure our Veterans are restored to lives with dignity, purpose and safety.

The $39 million in funding is broken into two categories. About $24 million in grants are available to renovate or rehabilitate space to create about 1,000 transitional housing beds. The grants put a priority upon housing for homeless women and housing on tribal lands.

A second group of grants, valued at about $15 million, is expected to fund about 1,200 new beds for homeless providers who already have suitable transitional housing. The grants will provide per diems based upon the number of homeless Veterans being served in transitional housing.

VA is the largest federal provider of direct assistance to the homeless, with 14,000 transitional beds in operation or development. About 107,000 Veterans are homeless on a typical night. Secretary of Veterans Affairs Eric K. Shinseki has committed the department to ending homelessness among Veterans within five years.

For more information, visit VA s Web page for the grant and per diem program at www.va.gov/homeless or contact VA s program office at 1-877-332-0334, or e-mail VA at [email protected] .

Letter To The Editor

To the Citizens of Pittsfield:
To my friends, neighbors, and supporters who took the extra effort to write in to vote for me, Thank you.

To the candidates who won office, congratulations and good luck.

To the candidates who did not win office, better luck next time and thank you for helping make the system work.

To everyone who voted, thank you for helping to make democracy work.

James Frank Golden

James Frank The Carpet Man Golden, 77, 5057 Jacksonville Road, Jacksonville, N.Y., went to be with the Lord on March 3, 2010.

He was born in Pittsfield, N. H., on August 20, l932. He was a member of the American Legion Post 770 and was a veteran of the Korean War serving in the Navy.

He is survived by his wife of 55 years, Beverly Anne their three children, Pamela (Peter) Umlauf, David (Pamela) Golden, William (Laura) Golden and six grandchildren.
A memorial service was held at the American Legion on Monday, March 8, 2010.

In lieu of flowers, the family requests that donations be made to either the Trumansburg Ambulance Service or the Ithaca SPCA.


Post-Navy service and disposition

In January 1947, she was placed in reserve, but remained in commission. On 10 June, she departed Seattle, Washington, and arrived, two days later, in Astoria, Oregon, where she was placed out of commission. She remained with the "mothball" fleet until August 1961, when custody was transferred to the U.S. Maritime Administration.

In September 1962, she was again transferred, this time to the U.S. Bureau of Mines for use as a research ship at the Marine Mineral Technology Center at Tiburon, California.


History Book - Bob Dylan turns 80

MARY REICHARD, HOST: Today is Monday, May 24th. Bom Dia! This is The World and Everything in It from listener-supported WORLD Radio. I’m Mary Reichard.

NICK EICHER, HOST: And I’m Nick Eicher. Next up: The WORLD History Book. Today, a series of milestones from the 20th Century. Here’s senior correspondent Katie Gaultney.

MUSIC: BLOWING IN THE WIND BY BOB DYLAN

KATIE GAULTNEY, SENIOR CORRESPONDENT: Robert Allen Zimmerman was born May 24, 1941. “Who?” você pode perguntar. In college, Zimmerman adopted a stage name: Bob Dylan. He celebrates his 80th birthday today.

In addition to his musical chops, the Minnesota-born Dylan became an artist, writer, producer, and Nobel Prize laureate. He dropped out of college and moved to the Big Apple, where his lyrical skill began to shine. He wrote “Blowing in the Wind” in just 10 minutes. And his songs showed a deep complexity that caused the New York folk scene to turn its gaze to the up-and-coming songwriter.

He told CBS’s 60 minutos in 2004 that his creativity came from a “wellspring” that surprised even him.

DYLAN: Try to sit down and write something like that. There’s a magic to that. And it’s not a Sigfried and Roy kind of magic. It’s a different kind of penetrating magic.

A near-fatal motorcycle accident in 1966 led to a long recovery, then a shift in his music, from folk to rock. Dylan reinvented himself over the years, musically and religiously. He grew up Jewish, then professed a conversion to evangelical Christianity in 1979, then back to Judaism again.

Over the course of his 60-year career, he’s been named to many halls of fame and received many awards—including a Presidential Medal of Freedom, 10 Grammys, a Golden Globe, and an Academy Award.

MUSIC: FOREVER YOUNG BY BOB DYLAN

Moving now from songs to space. It’s been 60 years since U.S. President John F. Kennedy appeared before a special session of Congress to announce his plan to put a “man on the moon” before the decade’s end.

KENNEDY: I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the earth.

At the onset of JFK’s presidency in January 1961, America was losing the Space Race with the Soviet Union. The USSR had already put the first satellite and the first man into space. Kennedy asked Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson to work with NASA to zero in on a victory the U.S. could achieve. Space station? Manned lunar orbit? NASA thought the Soviets had a lock on those, too. So putting a man on the moon was the clear winner. At the same time, though, some lawmakers and citizens fretted about the cost of a prospective lunar mission compared to its benefits. The project came with an estimated price tag of $22 billion. So, Kennedy made his case.

KENNEDY: No single space project in this period will be more impressive to mankind, or more important for the long-range exploration of space and none will be so difficult or expensive to accomplish.

After Kennedy’s address to Congress, a Gallup poll showed 56 percent of Americans opposed putting a man on the moon. But, of course, Kennedy realized his goal posthumously, in July 1969. That’s when the Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin successfully set foot on the moon.

ARMSTRONG: That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.

MUSIC: FLY ME TO THE MOON BY FRANK SINATRA

And we’ll cap off today’s entries on a high note—ascending the highest peak. Twenty years ago, on May 25, 2001, Erik Weihenmayer became the first blind person to reach the summit of Mount Everest.

He told KUSA-TV overcoming obstacles is part of the human experience.

WEIHENMAYER: That’s what connects us. It’s not just triumphs, we’re connected by the things that shatter us, and we have to figure out how to rebuild.

He told Oprah he lost his eyesight to a rare degenerative disease when he was 13.

WEIHENMAYER: I’d been fighting blindness and I hated blindness and it made me feel so helpless, I didn’t know what to think, things were happening so fast.

He took out his frustrations on his high school van driver, insisting he could be on the school bus with the sighted kids. The driver pulled over and told Weihenmayer to get out. He then threw a basketball at the boy, hitting him in the head.

WEIHENMAYER: He said, “Erik, you can’t catch a basketball, you’re blind.” And I thought, “That’s harsh.” Then he said, “This time, Erik, I want you to put your hands out, I’m gonna tell you when it’s coming.” And I put my hands out, he threw the ball, and I caught it.

That illustration taught him it’s okay—healthy, even—to rely on others for help and guidance.

WEIHENMAYER: And then some things, like Mount Everest, no matter how independent you are, you can’t climb it alone. You have to rely on each other and trust each other and communicate with each other.

After Everest, Weihenmayer achieved something few in the world have, sighted or not: Climbing all of the Seven Summits, including Denali and Kilimanjaro. But he doesn’t limit his adventures to climbing. In 2014, Weihenmayer and blinded Navy vet Lonnie Bedwell kayaked the entire 277-miles of the Grand Canyon, one of the world’s most challenging whitewaters.

MUSIC: ON TOP OF THE WORLD BY IMAGINE DRAGONS

That’s this week’s History Book. I’m Katie Gaultney.

WORLD Radio transcripts are created on a rush deadline. Este texto pode não estar em sua forma final e pode ser atualizado ou revisado no futuro. A precisão e a disponibilidade podem variar. The authoritative record of WORLD Radio programming is the audio record.


Assista o vídeo: Suncook Village History Walk New Hampshire (Setembro 2022).


Comentários:

  1. Aldhelm

    What to do here against the talent

  2. Amdt

    Quanto a mim, o significado é expandido além do nada, a pessoa fez o máximo, pelo qual o respeita!

  3. Brenten

    Desculpa para isso eu interfiro ... eu entendo essa pergunta. É possivel discutir.

  4. Shim'on

    Eu acredito que você está cometendo um erro. Posso defender minha posição. Envie-me um e-mail para PM, vamos conversar.

  5. Ophir

    Na minha opinião, eles estão errados. Escreva para mim em PM, ele fala com você.



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